Inglis, John Auchincloss, Letter. 1 item. Mss2IN47a1.
A letter, , from John Auchincloss Inglis (1813–1878), possibly of the 36th North Carolina Regiment (2d North Carolina Artillery Battery), to a friend concerning the possibility of his unit joining the Army of Northern Virginia in its defense of Richmond during the Peninsula campaign.
"Interesting Bird's Eye View of the Seat of War," Map, 1861. 1 item. Map F221 1861:10.
A map, entitled "Interesting Bird's Eye View of the Seat of War," showing the states of Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina in 1861. On the reverse side is a letter, 18 July 1861, from Henry Shaw of the 2d New Hampshire Infantry Regiment concerning camp life on the eve of the first battle of Bull Run.
Irving Family Papers, 1833–1931. 55 items. Mss1IR85a.
This collection contains the papers of the Irving family of Amelia County. Wartime items consist of a commission, 12 October 1863, as major in the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment issued to Charles Robert Irving (1835–1914) (section 5), and a parole, 10 April 1865, issued to Charles Irving at Appomattox Court House (section 6).
Jackson, John A., Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2J1353a1.
A letter, 15 October 1862, from John A. Jackson, of an unidentified unit, to his sister concerning his brother William's capture by the Union army during the Maryland campaign and his subsequent exchange at Winchester.
Jackson, Samuel K., Essay, ca. 1885. 1 item. Mss7:1L515:6.
This collection contains an essay written by Samuel K. Jackson (b. 1817), concerning Robert E. Lee at the second battle of Bull Run.
Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, Papers, 1846–1932. 97 items. Mss1J1385a. Microfilm reel C598.
The papers of Thomas J. Jackson consist of materials, 1846–1932, concerning his life in general and his Confederate military service. Jackson's wartime correspondence, 1861–1863, with Robert E. Lee, John Letcher (1813–1884), Alexander Robinson Boteler (1815–1892), Stapleton Crutchfield (1835–1865), and Judah Philip Benjamin (1811–1884) concern Jackson's command at Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.), in 1861, the Romney campaign, the Valley campaign, and the battle of Cedar Mountain.
Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, Papers, 1861–1862. 6 items. Mss2J1385a. Microfilm reel C598.
This collection consists of letters, 1861–1862, from Thomas J. Jackson to Confederate officers. Included are a letter to Samuel Cooper announcing Jackson's victories in the Shenandoah Valley at Front Royal and Winchester (a5); to Thomas Grimke Rhett (1821?–1898) concerning Union forces at Romney (now W.Va.), the need for an engineer, and flood damage to the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal (a8); to Alexander Robinson Boteler (1815–1892) regarding Jackson's arrival at Winchester, requests for cavalry, and the arming of 2,500 to 3,000 Indian troops (a10); to Pierre G. T. Beauregard concerning the gift of a pistol and Jackson's approval of Beauregard's plan of campaign in the West (a11); to Richard Stoddert Ewell regarding Ewell's role in preventing a junction of Union forces near Warm Springs (a12); and to Charles James Faulkner (1806–1884) concerning Faulkner's appointment to Jackson's staff (a13).
Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, Papers, 1862. 6 items. Mss2J1385c. Microfilm reel C64.
This collection consists of letters, 28 March–11 June 1862, from Thomas J. Jackson to Asher Waterman Harman (1830–1895) concerning the battle of Kernstown and the morale of Jackson's army (c1), uniform buttons and the treatment of deserters (c2), orders placing Harman in command of Staunton (c3), troop movement orders and hospital stores at Staunton (c4), a request for wagons and an offer of cavalry service for Harman (C5), and a request sent to Robert E. Lee for one piece of artillery for every 1,000 soldiers sent to Jackson (C6). The letters are printed in the Southern Historical Society Papers 19 (1891): 318–21.
Jackson, Thomas Jonathan, Sketches, 1861–1863. 4 items. Mss2J1385b. Microfilm reel C598.
This small collection contains three drawings of Thomas J. Jackson during the war by Alexander Robinson Boteler (1815–1892) and William G. Williamson. Each sketch includes a brief description by Jedediah Hotchkiss (1827–1899). Also included is a sketch of Jackson's camp stool made by Williamson.
James, Charles Fenton, Letters, 1865. 23 pp. Photocopy of typescript. Mss2J2317a1.
Photocopies of transcripts of letters, 7–18 February 1865, from Charles Fenton James (1844–1902) of Company F of the 8th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his sister, Emma A. James of Loudoun County, concerning morale in the Army of Northern Virginia following the Hampton Roads Peace Conference, economic conditions in the Confederacy in February 1865, Robert E. Lee's general order granting amnesty to deserters upon their return to the army, the role of Confederate women in preventing desertion, and prisoner exchanges. Also in the collection is a brief postwar account of the retreat of the 8th Virginia from Yorktown in April-May 1862.
James, George Watson, Papers, 1887–1961. 846 items. Mss1J2334a.
Contains the papers of George Watson James (1887–1971) of Richmond, a poet and author. Included is a photographic copy of a drawing by John Banister Tabb (1845–1909) of the tent in which he lived while imprisoned at Point Lookout, Md. (section 3).
Jennings, Alvan James Edmund, Papers, 1862–1879. 9 items. Mss2J4413b.
This collection contains the papers of Alvan James Edmund Jennings (1820–1868) of James City County. Included are letters, 1864–1865, from Jennings to his wife, Virginia Hall (Enos) Jennings, concerning his imprisonment at Camp Hamilton. Also contains lists of property confiscated by the Confederate army during its retreat up the Peninsula in 1862 and by the Union army at different times during the war and of slaves emancipated by the war.
Jewett Family Papers, 1808–1878. 24 items. Mss2J5565b.
This collection consists primarily of the wartime letters, 1863–1865, of Pliny A. Jewett of Company E of the 1st Connecticut Cavalry Regiment. Jewett's letters home describe, in detail, camp life at locations in Maryland and Virginia, a visit to Washington, D.C., while on leave, the building of fortifications around Washington by free blacks, the execution of two deserters near Winchester in January 1864, and cavalry engagements (including operations around Fredericksburg in June 1863, the battle of Spotsylvania Court House [12 May 1864], and a cavalry raid against Lacey Springs in December 1864) (section 1). Also in the collection is a two-day pass, 17 March 1863, issued to Pliny Jewett, and two handwritten regimental newspapers, ca. 1863, edited by Jewett (section 2).
Jobson, J. Tyler, Recollections, n.d. 6 items. Typescript. Mss7:3E473.2J5793:1.
This collection contains the typed recollections of J. Tyler Jobson of Company G of the 9th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Jobson offers a detailed description of the battle of Hampton Roads. Included in the collection are photocopies of drawings of the USS Merrimack and of sketches of different stages in the battle.
Johnson, Elijah S., Papers, 1862–1907. 2 items. Mss2J6314b. Microfilm reel C598.
This small collection contains the papers of Elijah S. Johnson of Alabama. Included is a diary, 9 March 1863–14 January 1864, kept by Johnson while serving in the 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, describing picket duty and skirmishing along the Rappahannock River. Johnson's diary and Bible, also in the collection, bear the mark of a bullet that struck him during a fight at Brandy Station on 13 September 1863.
Johnson, S. G., Receipt, 1862. 1 p. Mss12:1862 September 17:1.
A receipt, 17 September 1862, authorizing the payment of $50 to S. G. Johnson of Company C of the 35th Georgia Infantry Regiment for his service in the army.
Johnston Family Papers, 1782–1973. 1,665 items. Mss1J6496a.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of Frederick Johnston (1812–1893) of Salem. Included is an account book, 1862–1863, kept by Charles L. Snyder (d. 1863), while serving as commissary agent for the Confederate War Department in Craig, Pulaski, and Roanoke counties (section 12). The first ninety-three pages of the book contain entries concerning the sale of cattle, payments to individuals who keep cattle for the Confederate government, the purchase of corn, payments to civilians who tended horses belonging to the Confederacy, and all aspects of buying and managing hogs.
Johnston, James Ambler, Papers, 1784–1902. 320 items. Mss1J6445a.
This collection, donated by James Ambler Johnston (1885–1974) of Richmond, contains the papers of the Johnston and related families of Botetourt County and Roanoke and Salem. The letters of Frederick Johnston (1812–1893) to his daughter, Frances Royall Johnston (1835–1909), discuss his August 1861 trip to Norfolk to visit relatives in Confederate service, his attendance at the Presbyterian General Assembly Meeting in Augusta, Ga., in December 1861, his search for wounded relatives in Richmond hospitals, Johnston's critical comments directed at Robert E. Lee following Lee's failure to destroy the Union army in the Seven Days' battles, and his comments concerning news of Salem soldiers in the Salem Flying Artillery Battery in August 1863 (section 1).
The papers of Nathaniel Burwell Johnston (1846–1925) contain a letter, 24 April 1861, from Nathaniel Johnston, while a student at the Clifton Preparatory School in Fauquier County to his father, Frederick Johnston, describing the Confederate soldiers passing by the school on their march to Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.); a one-month furlough, 1864, issued to Nathaniel Johnston of the Salem Flying Artillery Battery; a statement, 1864, concerning Johnston's age, physical description, rank, and military unit; an account, 1864, for rations purchased by Johnston while on furlough; a certificate, 1864, documenting that Johnston found an able-bodied substitute to take his place in the 1st Virginia Battalion of Light Artillery while Johnston was on furlough; and a letter, 7 February 1865, from Nathaniel Johnston to his sister concerning, in part, the offer of a late-war commission to his father, Frederick Johnston (section 2).
Also in the collection is a letter, 10 October 1861, from Robert E. Lee to John Buchanan Floyd offering suggestions of which regiments should perform certain duties at Sewell Mountain, Fayette County (now W.Va.) (section 20).
Johnston, Mary Sayre (Macon), Notes, ca. 1930. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss7:1G7674:1.
A photocopy of handwritten notes, written by Mary Sayre (Macon) Johnston (1850–1935), offering a description of a meeting between Ulysses S. Grant and Mary's father, William Hartwell Macon (1819–1891), at Ingleside, Hanover County, during the battle of Cold Harbor.
Johnston, Philip Preston, Letter, 1898. 1 item. Mss2J6462a1.
A letter, 2 December 1898, from Philip Preston Johnston (1840–1925) of Lexington, Ky., to Edwin P. Cox of Richmond, describing the character and military service of John Pelham (1838–1863), commander of the Stuart Horse Artillery.
Johnston, Samuel Richards, Papers, 1862–1899. 35 items. Mss2J6475b.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of Samuel Richards Johnston (1833–1899) of Alexandria. Materials relating to his service as an engineer on Robert E. Lee's staff include correspondence, 1865–1892, with former Confederates concerning Johnston's role as guide to James Longstreet on the second day of the battle of Gettysburg, Longstreet's march to the battlefield of Second Bull Run, and a brief recollection by Johnston of his experiences at the battle of Chancellorsville (section 1); official letters and commissions, 1862–1864, for Johnston as captain, major, and lieutenant colonel in the Confederate engineers (section 2); a letter, 11 September 1864, from Wade Hampton to Robert E. Lee concerning the need for an engineer to examine a portion of the ground along the Boydton Plank Road, southwest of Petersburg, for the purpose of building fortifications (section 3); a letter, 23 September 1864, from Wade Hampton to Samuel Johnston regarding Johnston's plan to extend Confederate earthworks southwest of Petersburg; a letter, 28 March 1865, to Johnston from James Longstreet concerning fortifications near the Williamsburg Road, east of Richmond; a letter, 8 January 1863, to Johnston from Alfred Landon Rives (1830–1903) referring to a sketch of the roads of Culpeper and Rappahannock counties done by Johnston for fellow engineer Jeremy Francis Gilmer (1818–1883); a special order, 9 April 1865, authorizing Longstreet, John Brown Gordon, and William Nelson Pendleton to carry out the provisions agreed upon in the surrender agreement between Lee and Ulysses Simpson Grant; a special order, 10 April 1865, issued by Grant allowing paroled Confederate officers to pass through Union lines; and an oath of allegiance to the United States government, 20 May 1865, sworn by Samuel Johnston (section 4). Correspondents in section 1 include John Roy Baylor (1821–1926), Osmun Latrobe (1835–1915), Fitzhugh Lee, James Longstreet, Lafayette McLaws, George William Peterkin (1841–1916), and George Wise.
Jones, Alexander Caldwell, Papers, 1858–1898. 32 items. Mss2J7104b.
This collection contains the papers of Alexander Caldwell Jones (1830–1898) of Marshall County (now W.Va.). Civil War materials include letters and telegrams from various individuals concerning his service in the 44th Virginia Infantry Regiment and as inspector general on the staff of John B. Magruder (section 1); a letter, 27 September 1862, from Nathaniel Tyler (1828–1917) of Richmond to George Wythe Randolph (1818–1867) requesting that Jones be assigned to command Confederate troops in northwestern Virginia; and a letter, 19 July 1862, from William Riddick Whitehead (1831–1903), while surgeon of the 44th Virginia, regarding a leave of absence for Jones to recuperate from wounds received at the battle of Gaines' Mill (section 2). Other items include a printed order, 2 February 1864, issued by Magruder assigning Jones to duty as inspector general of the District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, a commission, 1861, for Jones as major in the Confederate army, and paroles, 1865, issued to Jones by the Union army (section 4).
Jones, Benjamin Anderson, Memoirs, ca. 1902. 1 volume. Mss5:1J7113:1.
Contains the memoirs of Benjamin Anderson Jones (1842–1925). Included are descriptions of his service as a member of Company F of the 44th Virginia Infantry Regiment in western Virginia (now W.Va.) in 1861, while a prisoner of war at Point Lookout, Md., and at Elmira, N.Y., and in the following engagements: the battles of the Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Spotsylvania Court House and in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley and Mine Run campaigns.
Jones, Beuhring Hampden, compiler, Roster of Confederate Prisoners Held at Johnson’s Island, Ohio, 1864. 1 volume. Mss12:1864:1.
This volume, 1864, compiled by Beuhring Hampden Jones (1823–1872) of the 60th Virginia Infantry Regiment, contains materials concerning Confederate soldiers imprisoned at Johnson's Island, Ohio. The bulk of the volume consists of a list, 22 November 1862–5 September 1864, of 2,609 prisoners (including each man's name, rank, unit, residence, and place and date of capture), and a list, 1 May 1862–3 March 1864, of 168 soldiers who died of disease while at Johnson's Island. Also included are lists of Confederate general officers, miscellaneous poetry composed by prisoners, and a watercolor drawing of Johnson's Island. The roster is printed in part in Collections of the Virginia Historical Society (Richmond, 1887), new ser., 6:237–345.
Jones, Catesby ap Roger, Report, 1861. 1 item. Mss2J7126a2.
A report, 12 October 1861, filed by Catesby ap Roger Jones (1821–1877) concerning an ordnance experiment testing the strength of iron fortifications conducted at Jamestown Island. Included are photocopies of drawings that accompanied the report.
Jones Family Papers, 1812–1930. 195 items. Mss1J735d.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Jones family of Virginia. Letters, 1861–1863, from Robert Brooke Jones (1829?–1864) of the 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his wife, Elizabeth Hill (Goodloe) Jones (1835?–1873), discuss his service in the cavalry as a scout and the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg (section 4). The correspondence of Elizabeth Jones includes letters from Archibald Govan Hill (1839–1914) of Company H of the 53d Virginia Infantry Regiment describing picket duty on the Peninsula in February 1862; from John Taliaferro Jones (b. 1825) concerning the Confederate retreat from Centreville in March 1862; and from Mary Ann Brooke (Pollard) Jones Montague (d. 1889) and Charles Hill Ryland (1836–1914) concerning the death of Robert Brooke Jones at the battle of Yellow Tavern (section 6). Other items in the collection include a letter, 26 May 1861, to Laura (Jones) White (1837–1916) from [?] Harrison of Company C of the 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment concerning guard duty and his frustration at the lack of military activity on the Peninsula (section 7), and a letter, 29 July 1876, from Catesby ap Roger Jones (1821–1877) to Robert Baker Pegram (1811–1894) offering a description of the Confederate capture of the powder magazine at Norfolk on 19 April 1861 (section 13).
Jones, William Edmonson, Papers, 1845–1968. 26 items. Photocopies. Mss2J7286b.
This collection contains papers relating to the Union and Confederate military service of William Edmonson Jones. Civil War materials include letters, 1863, from Jones to W. H. S. Taylor regarding horses confiscated by the Confederate army (b3–4); a general order, 8 October 1863, announcing the decision of a court martial concerning charges brought against Jones by J. E. B. Stuart (b8); and Special Order No. 281, 29 December 1862, assigning Jones to the command of the Valley District (b9).
Jordan-Bell Family Papers, 1861–1864. 19 items. Mss2J761b. Microfilm reel C598.
This collection consists primarily of the wartime letters of Isaac G. Bell and Jesse W. Jordan (1839–1862). Letters home from Isaac Bell offer descriptions of his service in the 11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment at Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.) in the spring of 1861, at the first battle of Bull Run, and in camp near Yorktown. Letters from Jesse Jordan of the 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment touch on his participation in First Bull Run, his life in camp, and his role in the Peninsula campaign.
Justice Family Papers, 1842–1917. 77 items. Mss2J9848b.
Contains the papers of the Justice family of Lunenburg County. Included in this collection are the letters, 1861–1863, of Joseph Allen Elder (1841?–1863), of Company G of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment, to Louisa Justice (b. 1841?) describing camp life (including a snowball fight with other Confederate units near the Rappahannock River in February 1863), picket duty near Suffolk, and the regiment's movements in North Carolina (section 2).
Updated May 16, 2006