McAnerney, John, Reminiscences, ca. 1900. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss5:1M1185:1.
This collection contains the reminiscences of John McAnerney (1838–1926) of Providence, R.I. The Civil War portion of his reminiscences concern his service in the 3d Alabama Infantry Regiment at the battles of Drewry's Bluff, Seven Pines, and the Seven Days and his service in the 3d Virginia Regiment Local Defense Troops building defenses around Richmond and assisting in the repulse of the Dahlgren cavalry raid. Also included is McAnerney's description of his evacuation of the city with the Confederate archives, and of the last days of the war in South Carolina. The collection includes a typed transcript of the reminiscences.
McCabe Family Papers, 1863–1972. 86 items. Mss1M1233a.
This collection contains the papers of members of the McCabe family of South Carolina. Civil War materials consist of a diary, 17 August–23 October 1863, kept by William Gordon McCabe (1841–1920) while serving on the staff of Roswell Sabine Ripley at Charleston, S.C., concerning military operations at batteries Gregg and Wagner, Fort Sumter, and Morris Island (section 1), and a commonplace book, 1871, kept at Petersburg, by William McCabe, containing notes (with accompanying maps) on the battle of the Crater, the initial Union assaults on Petersburg in June 1864, and on the operations of Confederate cavalry under Wade Hampton's command in 1864–1865 (section 2).
McCabe, William Gordon, Poem, n.d. 1 item. Mss2M1233a7.
An undated poem, entitled "The Lay of the Draggled Plume," written by William Gordon McCabe (1841–1920) with characters representing John Hampden Chamberlayne (1838–1882), David Gregg McIntosh (1836–1916), Virginia Johnson (Pegram) McIntosh (1843–1920), and William Ransom Johnson Pegram (1841–1865). A typescript copy is available in the collection.
McCarthy Family Papers, 1839–1865. 40 items. Mss1M1275a. Microfilm reel C301.
This collection contains the papers of members of the McCarthy family of Richmond. The correspondence of Florence McCarthy (b. 1838) of the Thomas Artillery Battery includes a letter, 22 November 1861, to his father, Florence McCarthy (1798?–1864), concerning his army pay, and letters, 1861–1863, to his sister, Jane Elizabeth McCarthy (b. 1838), discussing camp life in northern Virginia in the fall-winter of 1861 (with drawings of his winter quarters), his encounters with Pennsylvania citizens during the Gettysburg campaign, and his experiences during the Second Bull Run campaign (section 1). Other wartime materials include a letter, 10 October 1862, from Christopher Gustavus Memminger (1803–1888) to Jane McCarthy concerning her employment at the Confederate Treasury Department (section 4); a letter, 16 September 1861, from Edward Stevens McCarthy (1837–1864) of the 1st Company of Richmond Howitzers to his father, Florence McCarthy (1798?–1864), concerning camp life and skirmishing in northern Virginia; and a poem, entitled "Elegy to Edward Stevens McCarthy," with accompanying notes regarding the death of Edward McCarthy at the battle of Cold Harbor (section 5).
McClellan, Henry Brainerd, Letter, 1864. 1 items. Photocopy. Mss2M1324a2.
A photocopy of a letter, 10 October 1864, from Henry Brainerd McClellan (1840–1904), former staff officer to J. E. B. Stuart, to Flora (Cooke) Stuart (1836–1923) describing, in detail, the events surrounding Stuart's mortal wounding at the battle of Yellow Tavern.
McClellan, Henry Brainerd, Papers, 1862–1866. 28 items. Mss1M1324b. Microfilm reel C31.
This collection contains the correspondence of individuals collected by Henry Brainerd McClellan (1840–1904) while serving on J. E. B. Stuart's staff. Correspondents include Briscoe Gerard Baldwin ([1828–1898] concerning a method of supplying ordnance to cavalrymen in April 1863), Jefferson Davis (concerning criticism of J. E. B. Stuart's conduct as a commander from a "Southern Lady"), John Henry Stover Funk ([1837–1864] concerning a report of the Stonewall Brigade's activities at the battle of Chancellorsville), Sarah J. Godwin (concerning a prayer offered to Thomas J. Jackson for his safety on the battlefield), James Byron Gordon (concerning an expression of appreciation to J. E. B. Stuart for his aid in securing Gordon a commission as brigadier general), Wade Hampton (concerning a report of ordnance and stores captured by troops under Hampton's command at the battle of Reams Station), A. P. Hill (concerning Jackson's last written message to Robert E. Lee before his wounding at the battle of Chancellorsville, and charges brought by Jackson against Hill in August– September 1862), Joseph Hooker (concerning an address to the Army of the Potomac after the battle of Chancellorsville), Fitzhugh Lee (concerning notes taken from George Armstrong Custer's field headquarters by Lee in a cavalry raid), Robert E. Lee (concerning cavalry movements in January 1863, observations of Union troop movements made from Clarks Mountain, Orange County, in December 1863, a request for information on Union movements in April 1864, and Union troop movements in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864), Carswell McClellan (concerning cavalry pickets under George Custer's command), Hunter Holmes McGuire ([1835–1900] concerning a report of killed and wounded in the Confederate army at the battle of Kernstown), Thomas Lafayette Rosser (concerning the proper method of selecting a detail of soldiers), J. E. B. Stuart (concerning Stuart's preference of Thomas Taylor Munford [1831–1918] over William Edmonson Jones for cavalry brigade command and military activity along the Rappahannock River in September 1863), Walter Herron Taylor ([1838–1916] concerning Robert E. Lee's expression of gratitude to Jackson for his victory at the battle of McDowell and strategic advice for future operations in the Shenandoah Valley), Charles Scott Venable ([1827–1900] concerning a letter sent from Robert E. Lee to George Gordon Meade regarding the passage of several ladies through the lines to and from Culpeper Court House in January 1864), and Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox (concerning Wilcox's role in a fight near Liberty Mills on 22 September 1863).
McClellan, Henry Brainerd, Papers, 1877–1887. 28 items. Mss1M1324a. Microfilm reel C30.
This collection contains the papers of Henry Brainerd McClellan (1840–1904), former member of J. E. B. Stuart's staff. Scrapbooks, compiled by McClellan, contain numerous articles on military operations printed in the "Annals of the War" series by the Philadelphia Weekly Times (a1–4). Also included are postwar letters to McClellan concerning Richard Stoddert Ewell, J. E. B. Stuart, and the battles of Brandy Station, Gettysburg, and the Wilderness (a5–28). Correspondents include Jubal A. Early, Edward Porter Alexander, David McMurtrie Gregg (1833–1916), Wade Hampton, Henry Heth, John Bell Hood, Joseph E. Johnston, Fitzhugh Lee, James Longstreet, and Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox.
McCreery, John Van Lew, History of the First Company of Richmond Howitzers, ca. 1896. 1 item. Mss7:4R4146:1.
This collection contains a handwritten history of the 1st Company of the Richmond Howitzers, compiled by John Van Lew McCreery (1835–1904). Included are descriptions of the organizational history and military operations of the Richmond Howitzers.
McCreery, John Van Lew, Recollections, n.d. 1 item. Mss5:1M1378:1.
Contains the Civil War recollections of John Van Lew McCreery (1835–1904) of Richmond. Included in his recollections are descriptions of McCreery's service in the 1st Company of Richmond Howitzers on the Peninsula, and at the battles of the Seven Days, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville.
McDowell, George Marshall, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2M1481a1.
Consists of a letter, 27 November 1862, written by George Marshall McDowell ([1838–1863] of the 2d South Carolina Infantry Regiment) to his father discussing the movements of the Union and Confederate armies from Culpeper to Fredericksburg, his opinion of civilians evacuating Fredericksburg, and financial matters (including earnings off an investment and his intention of buying a young male slave). A typed transcription is filed with the original.
McGuire, Hunter Holmes, Papers, 1861–1936. 44 items. Mss1M1793a. Microfilm reel C605.
This collection contains materials concerning the military and medical careers of Hunter Holmes McGuire (1835–1900) of Richmond. Items pertaining to McGuire's service as chief medical officer for the 2d Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia include letters, 1861–1864, to family in Winchester describing the first battle of Bull Run and the Confederate army's morale; a letter, 1862, from Mary Anna (Morrison) Jackson (1831–1915) concerning Thomas J. Jackson's health; and, postwar letters from Jubal A. Early, George Francis Robert Henderson (1854–1903), and Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828–1899) seeking information on Thomas J. Jackson and the Army of Northern Virginia in general (section 1). Other postwar items include letters, 1865, from former Confederates recommending McGuire for a position on the staff of the Richmond Medical College (section 3), and speeches and essays, 1936, concerning the life of Hunter McGuire (section 4).
McGuire, William Edward, Reminiscences, 1909. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:1B3665:1.
This collection contains a typed copy of the reminiscences of William Edward McGuire (1860–1921), as related to Bernard Robertson Guest (1864–1948) of Richmond. The reminiscences concern Thomas J. Jackson's intention to hang Union prisoners in response to the intended execution of a younger brother of Hunter Holmes McGuire (1835–1900) while a prisoner at Fort McHenry, Md., and the attempt by John Yates Beall (1835–1865) to liberate Confederate prisoners held at Johnson's Island, Ohio.
McIntosh, David Gregg, Notes, 1911. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:2R4155:47.
This collection consists of a typescript copy of notes compiled by David Gregg McIntosh (1836–1916) concerning a visit in 1911 to the battlefields east of Richmond. Included in his descriptions of the fields are recollections of his experiences with the South Carolina Pee Dee Light Artillery Battery at the battles of Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, and Cold Harbor.
McIntosh, David Gregg, Papers, 1862–1916. 98 items. Mss1M1895a. Microfilm reel C606.
This collection consists primarily of materials relating to the service of David Gregg McIntosh (1836–1916) in the South Carolina Pee Dee Light Artillery Battery. Wartime items include a diary, 1–24 April 1865, containing detailed descriptions of the final Union assault on Petersburg, the retreat to Appomattox Court House, and McIntosh's attempt to join with Confederate forces in North Carolina (section 1); letters, 1862–1864, from McIntosh to Mary Jane (Greenhow) Lee (d. 1907) concerning the military situation in Charleston, S.C., the battle of Bristoe Station (with an extract from McIntosh's official report), and winter camp life and army social life (section 2); and letters, 1863, from James and Edward McIntosh regarding the health and whereabouts of John, David McIntosh's servant, and the battle of Bristoe Station (section 5). Also in the collection are postwar materials concerning the role of McIntosh's battery in military operations, as well as more general topics. These items include correspondence, 1892–1916, describing the battery's part in the battles of Fort Gregg, Antietam, Gettysburg, the Seven Days, and Chancellorsville (sections 2 and 5); undated articles by McIntosh concerning the battle of Gettysburg, Robert E. Lee, and Confederate artillery (section 3); and speeches, 1912–ca. 1915, on the role of Confederate women, Lee and Jefferson Davis, and Talbot County, Md., soldiers in the Confederacy (section 4). Other miscellaneous items include an affidavit, 1897, of surviving members of the Pee Dee Light Artillery concerning the battery at Antietam; notes, 1906, regarding an 1870 conversation with Robert E. Lee concerning A. P. Hill and James Longstreet; and a list of battles and engagements involving the artillery battalion of William Ransom Johnson Pegram (1841–1865) (section 6). Postwar correspondents in the collection include, among others, Edward Porter Alexander, Cecil William Battine (b. 1867), William Gordon McCabe (1841–1920), and James L. Napier (1845–1924).
McIntosh, David Gregg, Reminiscences, 1910. 1 volume. Mss5:1M1895:2.
This collection contains the reminiscences of David Gregg McIntosh (1836–1916), formerly a member of the South Carolina Pee Dee Light Artillery Battery. Written by McIntosh to describe a 1910 visit to several Civil War battlefields, the reminiscences include detailed notes of his experiences at the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Court House. The collection includes a typed transcript of the reminiscences.
McIntosh, David Gregg, Reminiscences, ca. 1910. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:2F8726:3.
This collection contains typed reminiscences, written by David Gregg McIntosh (1836–1916), concerning the battle of Fredericksburg. Of note are his comments regarding his experiences in the South Carolina Pee Dee Light Artillery Battery during the battle, and his description of the character and death of Maxcy Gregg.
McIntosh Family Papers, 1827–1966. 174 items. Mss1M1898a. Microfilm reel C606.
This collection of McIntosh family papers contains a number of materials relating to the Civil War in general and, more specifically, to the service of John Pegram. A scrapbook, 1840–1950, kept by Virginia Johnson (Pegram) McIntosh (1843–1920) includes, among other items, a letter, 1865, from John Pegram to his mother, Virginia (Johnson) Pegram (1808?–1888), regarding life with his new wife, Hetty (Cary) Pegram Martin (1836–1892), and the health of his brother, William Ransom Johnson Pegram (1841–1865) (pp. 20–21); undated and unidentified wartime newspaper articles concerning John Pegram and the battles of Rich Mountain, Mechanicsville, and Ream's Station and the Appomattox campaign; a letter, 1862, from Thomas J. Jackson to Samuel Cooper announcing Confederate victories at the battles of Front Royal and Winchester (p. 65); a telegram, 1865, from Robert E. Lee to Samuel Cooper describing the battle of Hatcher's Run and the death of John Pegram (p. 64); and a memorandum, 1861, by David Gregg McIntosh (1836–1916) concerning the Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter (p. 89) (section 2). Other items in the collection include a scrapbook, 1848–1911, containing postwar newspaper articles on Confederate military history (section 3); undated hand-drawn maps of the vicinity of Bristoe Station and Chancellorsville and the route of Lee's retreat from Petersburg to Appomattox Court House (section 9); and a pass and Confederate oath of allegiance, 1862, issued to T. T. Broocks (section 10).
Mackall, William Whann (1817–1891), Papers, 1813–1891. 52 items. Mss1M1914a.
Chiefly correspondence, 1835–1891, of William Whann Mackall (of Langley, Fairfax County) while serving in the U.S. and Confederate States armies, including letters to his wife, Aminta (Sorrel) Mackall, and letters and orders received from fellow officers. Wartime letters reflect his discontent with army politics and tactics. Postwar letters chiefly concern his recollections of various wartime events. Also included are mounted clippings concerning the fall of Island No. 10.
McKenny Family Papers, 1814–1864. 11 items. Mss2M1997b.
This collection contains the papers of members of the McKenny family of Virginia. Civil War materials include a pass, 19 December 1862, issued by the Confederate War Department to "Miss Finney and six other Ladies" to visit Petersburg; a letter, 22 May 1863, from Catherine (Doyle) McKenny Capston (1831–1891) of Richmond to her husband, James Logan Capston (1831–1893) of Company D of the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, concerning her home manufacture of lint for use in a Confederate hospital and her providing food for passing soldiers; a letter, 28 November 1863, from Laurence McKenny (d. 1863?) of an unidentified unit to Margaret Cecil McKenny (1849–1878) concerning, in part, a Union raid near Green Pond, S.C., on 23 November 1863; a letter, 1 August 1864, from John Leary, a grocer in Petersburg, to Catherine Capston reporting the death of Peter M. Gill (1844–1864) of the 41st Virginia Infantry Regiment at the battle of the Crater; and an undated postwar list, compiled by Margaret McKenny, of five friends and family members killed during the war.
McLaws, Lafayette, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2M2235a1.
A short note, 12 September 1862, from Lafayette McLaws to Robert E. Lee announcing the capture of Maryland Heights, Md., by Confederate troops under McLaws's command.
MacLeod Family Papers, 1791–1977. 48 items. Mss1M2252a.
This collection primarily concerns the MacLeod family of Alexandria and Washington, D.C. Wartime items consist of a diary, 14 October–1 November 1862, kept by Donald MacLeod (1809–1869), a Virginia native employed as a clerk in the Comptroller's Office of the United States Treasury Department, containing comments on the following individuals and topics: George Bancroft ([1800–1891] as a candidate for the United States Congress), Salmon Portland Chase ([1808–1873] as secretary of the Treasury), Cassius Marcellus Clay (1810–1903), William Wilson Corcoran ([1798–1888] whose home was occupied by the French minister to the United States), John Adams Dix (and the conduct of the war by the Union and Confederate governments), Philip Kearny, Abraham Lincoln (and the colonization of freedmen and women and contraband slaves in Liberia), George B. McClellan, James Watson Webb (as minister to Brazil), and the Emancipation Proclamation and British public opinion of the war and the Confederate States (section 1); a letter, 1862, from Charles Grey (1804–1870), private secretary to the Prince of Wales, to Donald MacLeod regarding Anglo-American diplomatic relations during the war (section 3); and recollections, entitled "Memories of an Octogenarian," by Elizabeth MacLeod (1850–1938) concerning wartime Washington, D.C., Episcopalian minister and southern Unionist Charles Henry Hall (1820–1895), the use of churches for hospitals, Jubal A. Early's 1864 raid on Washington, the inauguration of Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, the assassination of Lincoln, and the grand review of the Union armies in 1865 (section 6).
Magill, Mary Tucker, Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss2M2727a1.
A letter, 26 April 1864, from Mary Tucker Magill (1830–1899) of Richmond to her mother, Ann Evelina (Tucker) Magill (1809–1875) of Winchester concerning, in part, the removal from Richmond of 170 women to Columbia, S.C., to work as clerks for the Confederate Treasury Department.
Mahood, Fontaine Watts, "History of the Commissary Department of the Confederate States of America," n.d. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:3UC86M2794:1.
This collection contains a typed transcript of a detailed history of the operations of the Confederate Commissary Department, written by Fontaine Watts Mahood (1841–1875). Included in the study is a description of the activities of the commissary general, Lucius Bellinger Northrop (1811–1894).
Mallory Family Papers, 1668–1930. 65 items. Mss1M2976a.
Contains the papers of several generations of the Mallory family of Virginia. Civil War items consist of letters, 1863, from Charles King Mallory (1844–1863) of the Confederate navy to his father, Charles King Mallory (1820–1875) of Hampton concerning a social visit aboard the Confederate steamer Chattahoochee and naval operations near Chattahoochee, Fla. (section 1).
Mann, Lizzie Jackson, Recollections, n.d. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1M3154:1.
Contains a photocopy of a typescript of the recollections of Lizzie Jackson Mann of Gloucester County. Included in her recollections are descriptions of her experiences in Union-occupied Gloucester County during the war.
Mann, Samuel Ali, Recollections, 1898. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1M3157:1.
This collection contains a typed transcript of the recollections of Samuel A. Mann (b. 1842), formerly a member of the Southside Heavy Artillery Battery. Included in his recollections are detailed descriptions of the organization of the artillery battery in the spring of 1862 and of the 15 May 1862 battle of Drewry's Bluff. Mann's recollections are printed in the Southern Historical Society Papers 34 (1906): 85–98.
Mann, William Jackson, Reminiscences, 1919. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1M3159:1.
Contains a photocopy of a typescript of the Civil War reminiscences of William Jackson Mann. Included are descriptions of Mann's service in the 2d Company of Richmond Howitzers during the Peninsula and Gettysburg campaigns and at the battle of Chancellorsville.
Mansfield, William Beverly, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2M3178a1.
A letter, 5 May 1862, from William Beverly Mansfield (1837–1862) of Company C of the 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his sisters, Susan Mildred (Mansfield) Shipp (1842–1926) and Mary Lindsay (Mansfield) Thornton (b. 1840), concerning the impending movement of his regiment during the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign and his role as company drillmaster.
Manson Family Papers, 1852–1995. 32 items. Mss1M3183a.
Contains the papers of the Manson family of Brunswick County. Included is a photocopy of a typed transcript of a letter, 30 July 1863, from Joseph Richard Manson (1831–1918) of Company I of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his mother, Susan James (Maclin) Manson (1806–1874), concerning the Gettysburg campaign (a3). In the letter Joseph Manson expresses his opinion against Confederate invasions of the North and comments on the poor behavior of Confederate soldiers toward northern citizens and their property during the campaign.
Manson, Joseph Richard, Diary, 1864–1865. 1 volume. Typescript. Mss5:1M3187:1.
A typed transcript of a diary, 27 October 1864–9 March 1865, kept by Joseph Richard Manson (1831–1918) of Company I of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Manson's diary, kept while in the trenches around Petersburg, consists entirely of deeply religious meditations on his relationship with God and on the way to live a Christian life.
Marrow Family Papers, 1859–1873. 58 items. Mss1M3495a.
This collection contains the papers of the Marrow family of Hampton. The correspondence of Daniel Garrow Marrow (1836–1914) includes letters, 1864, from Maria Smith (Peek) Marrow (1845–1878) of Richmond, discussing the atmosphere in Richmond in May, news of fighting at Bermuda Hundred and elsewhere in Virginia, and news of female family members working at the Winder General Hospital in Richmond (section 2). The correspondence of William Hope Peek (1838–1863?), while surgeon in the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment, includes a photocopy of a letter, 4 April 1863, from Samuel Preston Moore (1813–1889) regarding a request for a promotion; a photocopy of a letter, 4 January 1862, from Robert Ould (1820–1882) requesting William Peek to appear before the medical examiner's board in Richmond; a letter, 15 April 1861, from George Meredith Peek (1839–1896) concerning the celebration in Hampton following the surrender of Fort Sumter; and a photocopy of a letter, 22 March 1863, from William Peek regarding his opinion as to the physical unfitness for duty of John Owen Lasley (1827–1864) of the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment (section 5).
Also in the collection are photocopies of the following items: an order, 1 May 1862, issued by William Nelson Pendleton requesting that Daniel G. Marrow and three others report for duty with the Hampton Artillery Battery; an order, 11 April 1865, issued by John Gibbon stating what evidence constituted a legally paroled Confederate soldier; a parole, 10 April 1865, issued to Daniel G. Marrow of the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment at Appomattox Court House; and a certificate, 22 May 1865, issued to Daniel G. Marrow concerning his having sworn the oath of allegiance to the United States (section 3).
Martin, George Alexander, Diary, 1865. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1M3636:2.
A photocopy of a typescript of a diary, 2 April–20 May 1865, kept by George Alexander Martin (1833–1915) of the 38th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Martin's diary offers descriptions of the evacuation of Richmond, of his involvement with local defense forces at Lynchburg, and of his flight with Jefferson Davis from Charlotte, N.C., to Washington, Ga.
Martin, John Marshall, Papers, 1863–1864. 9 items. Mss2M3643b.
Contains letters, 1863–1864, from John Marshall Martin (1832–1921), colonel of the 9th Florida Infantry Regiment, to Sarah (Waldo) Martin concerning their courtship, Martin's attitude toward the war, and a detailed description of the battle of the Crater (31 July 1864).
Mason, Charles Tayloe, Papers, 1854–1906. 450 items. Mss3M3814a. Microfilm reels C607–608.
The Charles Tayloe Mason (1831–1918) papers contain materials documenting his military service at Drewry's Bluff, Chesterfield County, in the Confederate Corps of Engineers. Among those items relating to Mason's service are his official correspondence, 1862–1865, with Confederate military and civilian authorities concerning the construction and arming of fortifications on the James River (section 1); and, accounts, agreements, orders, muster rolls, and reports concerning engineering operations at Drewry's Bluff (sections 4–5). Also in the collection are undated drawings of fortifications and river obstructions (section 6), and military maps of the Drewry's Bluff vicinity of Chesterfield County and of Fairfax County (section 7). Correspondents in the papers include, among others, Walter Husted Stevens (1827–1867), John Kirkwood Mitchell (1811–1889), and James McHenry Howard (1839–1916).
Mason Family Papers, 1776–1982. 24 items. Mss2M38185b.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Mason family of Sussex Court House. Civil War-related items include a letter, 1864, from John T. J. Mason to Mary S. and Martha L. Mason describing, in detail, a Union cavalry raid on Sussex County and bonds, 1863, issued by the Confederate Treasury Department.
Mason Family Papers, 1813–1943. 5,634 items. Mss1M3816c. Microfilm reels C424–425.
This collection contains the papers of the Mason family of Fortsville, Southampton County. Civil War materials include an account book, 1864–1865, kept at Petersburg by Lewis Edmunds Mason (1822–1897), of food, clothing, and other items purchased while serving in Edward P. Scott's Company of Virginia Local Defense Troops (section 63); a diary, 26 March–2 May 1865, kept by St. George Tucker Mason (1844–1884) of Company H of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, concerning cavalry skirmishes near Raleigh, N.C., and containing the text of Joseph E. Johnston's orders relating to the surrender of the Confederate Army of Tennessee to forces under the command of William Tecumseh Sherman (section 98); and a letter, 6 January 1864, from St. George Tucker Mason to Walter Herron Taylor (1838–1916) concerning a request for a ten-day furlough to allow Mason the time to return home and relocate his family's slaves to a safer region (section 99).
Mason Family Papers, 1825–1902. 4, 972 items. Mss1M3816d.
This large collection primarily concerns the family of attorney, statesman, and diplomat John Young Mason (1799–1859) of Greensville and Southampton counties. Section 64 concerns the Mason family's attempts to continue with normal daily routine during wartime and at the same time move from one area to another to protect themselves from harm. A letter written by St. George Tucker Mason concerns the cadets at Virginia Military Institute volunteering their services to the state. A letter, 18 April 1862, written by Ellen G. Anderson to Susan Harriet Barksdale Mason concerns the ladies in Richmond gathering at one of the churches to make sand bags and uniforms for the soldiers. A letter from St. George Tucker Mason to his brother Lewis Edmunds Mason in 1862 concerns soldiers with bare feet, worn out clothes, body lice, and diarrhea. The men, especially Lewis, wrote with instructions for things that needed to be done in their absence, while the women primarily wrote to each other concerning their loneliness and asking each other for assistance.
The papers of Frances Ann "Fanny" (Mason) Cook (1831–1908), in section 35 include some letters written by Fanny from Yorkville, S.C., where many members of the Mason family took refuge during the latter part of the Civil War. A letter, 20 January 1866, to her mother concerns servants who remained with her, the behavior of other people's freed slaves, and her future move back to Virginia.
Mason, James Murray, Papers, 1861. 4 items. Mss2M38133b.
This collection contains papers relating to service of James Murray Mason (1798–1871) as diplomat for the Confederate States of America. Items include a letter of introduction, 23 September 1861, of Mason as minister to Great Britain and letters, 23 September 1861, from Jefferson Davis to Mason appointing him as special commissioner to Great Britain.
Maury, John Herndon, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2M44845a1.
A letter, 5 February 1862, from John Herndon Maury (1842–1863), while at Norfolk, to his father, Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806–1873), concerning Union vessels en route to Roanoke Island, N.C., and the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack).
Maury, Richard Launcelot, Diary, 1865. 2 items. Mss5:1M4486:1–2.
This collection contains a two-volume diary, kept in Richmond by Richard Launcelot Maury (1840–1907) of the 24th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Volume 1, 5 February–11 March 1865, contains entries concerning prisoner exchanges, the failed peace negotiations between Confederate officials and Abraham Lincoln at the Hampton Roads Peace Conference, news of military events at Columbia, S.C., Wilmington, N.C., and Charlottesville, Va., and the on-going debate over the enlistment of African Americans into the Confederate army. Volume 2, 12–30 March 1865, offers descriptions of military activity east of Richmond, of the battle of Fort Stedman near Petersburg, and of the recruitment of black soldiers.
Maxwell, David Elwell, Papers, 1862–1864. 8 items. Mss2M4512b.
The papers of David Elwell Maxwell (1843–1908) consist of letters, 1862–1864, from Maxwell to his parents describing his service in the 2d Florida Infantry Regiment and the 1st Florida Cavalry Regiment. The letters offer detailed accounts of the siege of Yorktown, and the battles of Lee's Mill, Williamsburg, second Winchester, Gettysburg, and Resaca. The letters are printed in the Florida Historical Quarterly 36 (April 1958): 353–72.
Meade Family Papers, 1837–1981. 153 items. Mss1M4618d. Microfilm reel C609.
This collection contains the papers of several generations of the Meade and Fontaine families of Amelia County, Richmond, and Hanover County. Those items pertaining to the Civil War include a letter, 1865, from Edmund Fontaine (1801–1869) to his son-in-law, Richard Hardaway Meade (1831–1880), in which he briefly mentions the desire of Thomas Lafayette Rosser to continue guerrilla warfare against the Union army after Lee's surrender (section 3); and, a reminiscence, "To My Grand Children," ca. 1874, written by Maria Louisa (Shackelford) Fontaine (1807–1876) describing, in part, a visit by Union soldiers to the Fontaine family home, Beaverdam, in Hanover County (section 5).
Meade Family Papers, 1851–1885. 175 items. Mss1M4618b. Microfilm reels C608–609.
This collection of Meade family papers consists primarily of the correspondence, 1851–1880, of Richard Hardaway Meade (1831–1880) of Richmond. In wartime letters to his wife, Jane Catherine (Fontaine) Meade (1833–1909), Meade discusses his life in Richmond during the war and news of family members serving in the Army of Northern Virginia, and he describes his own brief experiences as a member of the 19th Infantry of Virginia Militia fighting against Union cavalry east of Richmond during the Spotsylvania campaign (section 1).
Meade Family Papers, 1854–1913. 118 items. Mss1M4618a. Microfilm reel C608.
This collection consists of the correspondence, 1854–1913, of members of the Meade family of Amelia County and Richmond. Of particular note are the wartime letters, 1861–1865, of Hodijah Lincoln Meade (1842–1902), which describe his experiences as a member of the 1st Company of Richmond Howitzers and Company B of the 38th Virginia Light Artillery Battalion (sections 1 and 3). Meade's letters offer detailed accounts of life in camp and on the march in Virginia and North Carolina. Also in these letters are descriptions of his unit's role in the retreat from northern Virginia in March 1862, the Peninsula campaign (including the battle of Williamsburg), the Maryland campaign, the battle of Fredericksburg, the Gettysburg campaign, the expedition against Union forces at New Bern, N.C., in February 1864, the Plymouth, N.C., campaign, and the Petersburg campaign.
Meem, John Lawrence, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2M4715a1.
Contains the papers of John Lawrence Meems (1836–1862) of Company G of the 11th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Items include a letter, 3 April 1862, to his mother concerning camp life near Orange Court House (including his involvement in a serenade of James Longstreet and his wife) and his attitude toward the war (a1) and a letter, 10 May 1862, to his father offering a detailed description of the battle of Williamsburg (a2).
Meredith, William A., Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2M5413a1.
A letter, 23 February 1863, from William A. Meredith of the Pamunkey Heavy Artillery Battery to Georgiann (Wade) Lipscomb concerning his desire to hear from her and to obtain a furlough to visit her and his view toward prospects for peace.
Merrill, Henry, Memoirs, 1930. 1 item. Mss7:3E599A3M3:1.
This collection contains the memoirs, 1930, of Henry Merrill, entitled "Two Years on the Alabama." Included are detailed descriptions of his service aboard the CSS Alabama.
Merryman, Ella, Papers, 1857–1885. 31 items. Mss2M5544b.
This collection contains letters written to Ella Merryman of Buckingham County from friends and family members. Included are letters, 1862–1864, from William E. Scott (b. 1835) of Company A of the 25th Virginia Infantry Battalion concerning camp life at Chaffins Bluff (section 1), and letters, 1862, from B. Wylie Scott of the 57th Virginia Infantry Regiment offer- ing descriptions of his enlistment in the unit, of women visiting the camp, and of the battle of Malvern Hill (section 2).
Miley, George Washington, Papers, 1856–1919. 135 items. Mss1M5985a.
Contains the papers of George Washington Miley (1840–1920) primarily concerning his service in Company F of the 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Wartime items include George Miley's wartime correspondence with his future wife, Tirzah Amelia Baker (1843–1909), including descriptions of camp life, general war news, his service as an orderly at the general hospital in Mt. Jackson, and the battles of first and second Bull Run, Front Royal, Spotsylvania Court House, First Winchester and the 1862 and 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaigns (section 1); letters of Sallie D. Addison (concerning clothing and supplies while Miley was a prisoner of war at Elmira, N.Y.), Joseph R. Miley (concerning camp life), and James H. Rodeffer (discussing camp life) (section 2); and a certificate of examination, 1 October 1863, issued to M. Rhodes declaring him physically unfit for duty in the Confederate army (section 4).
Miller, Eastham Jordan, Student Notebook, 1854. 1 volume. Mss5:4M6133:1.
Kept at Mount Salem Seminary, Rappahannock County, by Eastham Jordan Miller (d. 1861), this student notebook contains notes and drawings concerning the theory and practice of surveying. Included in the notebook is a letter, [?] June 1864, from an unidentified exchanged Confederate soldier to the captain of his company offering reasons why he cannot immediately rejoin his unit.
Miller Family Papers, 1859–1942. 58 items. Mss1M6196b.
Contains the papers of the Miller family of Tennessee. Letters, 1862–1864, from Samuel R. Miller of Company F of the 63d Tennessee Infantry Regiment to his wife, Catharine (Miller) Miller (b. 1839?), discuss camp life and troop movements near Cumberland Gap and Chattanooga, Tenn., fighting around Petersburg, Va., in August 1864, and his concern for his family's safety in East Tennessee (section 1). Also included is an undated roster of a mess detail of Company F of the 63d Tennessee (section 3).
Minor Family Papers, 1657–1942. 813 items. Mss1M6663a. Microfilm reels C609–610.
This collection contains correspondence, a commonplace book and diary, and military records of Robert Dabney Minor (1827–1871) while serving in the Union and Confederate navies. Civil War materials include Minor's correspondence, 1861–1864, concerning his resignation from the Union navy, the purchase of ships for Confederate navy, and issues of supply (section 4); a letter, 1864, from Robert Randolph (1835–1864) of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his sister, Landonia (Randolph) Minor (1830–1912), describing the state of morale in the Army of Northern Virginia in March 1864 (section 5); miscellaneous letters, 1861–1864, to and from Confederate army and navy officers concerning cavalry recruitment, naval supplies, and gunboats on the James River (section 7); ordnance reports, 1864, for the following Confederate vessels: CSS Beaufort, Drewry, Fredericksburg, Hampton, Nansemond, Richmond, and Virginia II (section 26); and a diary, 6 November 1861–8 February 1862, kept by Robert Dabney Minor containing entries concerning his service in the Confederate navy on the coast of South Carolina and at New Orleans, La., and notes regarding foundries and ironworks at New Orleans (section 33). Other items in the collection include invoices, 1864–1865, for naval ordnance; instructions for firing naval artillery; Minor's notes, 1864, describing a naval expedition to rescue Confederate prisoners of war at Johnson's Island, Ohio; notes and a map, 1864, regarding an expedition against New Bern, N.C.; an undated drawing of an artillery emplacement; and court martial proceedings of Daniel Oglesby of the Hampton Legion (section 27). Correspondents in section 7 include, among others, Turner Ashby, John Mercer Brooke (1826–1906), Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806–1873), Stephen Russell Mallory (1813–1873), and James Alexander Seddon (1815–1880).
Minor Family Papers, 1810–1932. 4,305 items. Mss1M6663c. Microfilm reels C610–618.
This collection contains materials concerning members of the Minor, Randolph, Ball, and Carter families of Virginia. Civil War items, scattered throughout the collection, include the correspondence, 1861–1864, of George Buckner Minor (1808–1879) while commanding the Confederate navy's Office of Ordnance and Hydrography concerning the Virginia secession convention of 1861, naval supplies, and the battle of Hampton Roads (section 8); the correspondence, 1861–1865, of Robert Dabney Minor (1827–1871) regarding his service in the Confederate navy in the James River Squadron, while a member of the Office of Ordnance and Hydrography, and while in command of the Naval Ordnance Works at Richmond (section 11); letters, 1861–1863, to Landonia (Randolph) Minor (1830–1912) from Robert Randolph (1835–1864) of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment describing camp life, cavalry engagements in northern Virginia, and the first battle of Bull Run (section 38); the correspondence, 1861–1864, of Robert Randolph concerning officers in the 4th Virginia Cavalry, first battle of Bull Run, and the capture of Union soldiers (section 44); and the correspondence, 1862–1864, of Alfred Ball Carter (1823–1901) of the 6th Virginia Cavalry Regiment regarding his service in the unit (section 52). Other war-related materials include two commonplace books, kept by Robert D. Minor, containing notes describing a naval expedition to rescue Confederate prisoners at Johnson's Island, Ohio, and accounts and lists of naval ordnance (sections 18 and 20); miscellaneous materials including acts of the Confederate Congress relating to the navy, a printed list of Confederate naval officers, inspection reports, 1864, for the CSS Hampton, Fredericksburg, Nansemond, Richmond, and Virginia II, and an article, 1863, from the Toronto Daily Globe concerning the Johnson's Island expedition (section 28); materials, 1861–1863, from the Office of Ordnance and Hydrography consisting of accounts for naval supplies, a list, 1862, of slave laborers, undated notes concerning torpedoes, and a drawing, 1863, of ironclad designs (section 29); Confederate bonds (section 30); and items concerning the 4th Virginia Cavalry including personnel orders, an undated muster roll, and receipts, 1863, for supplies (section 45).
Miscellaneous Virginia Family Letters, 1861–1862. 6 items. Mss2V8194b.
This small collection includes a letter, 26 February 1862, from Daniella Morton Grinnan (1830–1888) concerning her opinion of Confederate naval efforts against the Union blockade, the social life of friends in Galveston, Tex., and the effect on the local population in Madison County of the impending retreat of the Confederate army from Manassas (b2).
Mitchell, John Kirkwood, Papers, 1805–1890. 34 items. Mss1M6943a.
This small collection contains the papers of John Kirkwood Mitchell (1811–1889) of the United States and Confederate navies. Civil War items include a letter, 30 October 1862, to Mitchell from Edward Higgins (1821–1875) discussing Higgins’s opinion of Mitchell’s poor conduct as naval commander during the battle of New Orleans; letters, 1861, from Mitchell to his wife, Elizabeth Frances (Loyall) Mitchell (d. 1902), concerning secession, Union blockade strategy, and his resignation from the Union navy; a letter, 10 July 1862, from Mitchell, while a prisoner of war at Fort Warren, Mass., to Loyall Mitchell (1858–1863) regarding the possibility of a prisoner exchange; and a letter, [?] March 1865, to Mitchell from Thomas B. West describing the chaotic atmosphere in Charlotte, N.C. (section 1).
Mitchell, John Kirkwood, Papers, 1819–1887. 89 items. Mss3M6943b.
This collection contains the papers, 1819–1887, of John Kirkwood Mitchell (1811–1889) generated primarily while serving in the United States and Confederate navies. Items pertaining to Mitchell's career in the Confederate navy include materials, 1862, regarding the courts of inquiry into the actions of Mitchell and Mansfield Lovell (1822–1884) at the battle of New Orleans (section 2); an account book, 1862, recording mess bills and room expenses, kept by Mitchell while a prisoner of war at Fort Warren, Mass. (section 3); a letterbook and diary, 1864–1865, concerning operations of the James River Squadron (section 5); and papers, 1865, regarding Mitchell's parole from Confederate naval service and his subsequent application for amnesty (section 6).
Mitchell, John Kirkwood, Papers, 1862–1865. 500 items. Mss3M6943a. Microfilm reels C618–620.
This collection contains the official correspondence and papers, 1862–1865, of John Kirkwood Mitchell (1811–1889) as commander of the Lower Mississippi River Squadron, the Bureau of Orders and Detail, and the James River Squadron, Confederate navy. Mitchell's correspondence, 1862–1865, with Confederate naval, military, and political officials concerns coast defenses; the battle of New Orleans; Confederate prisoners of war; requests for duty, promotions, and leave; and the vessels and operations of the James River Squadron (sections 1 and 4–5). Also in the collection are letterbooks, orders, and record books, 1864–1865, concerning daily operations of the James River Squadron (sections 6, 8, and 9); muster rolls, ship diagrams, and supply lists, 1862, for the Lower Mississippi River Squadron (section 2); materials, 1862–1863, regarding a court of inquiry into the actions of John Kirkwood Mitchell at the battle of New Orleans (section 3); and muster rolls, 1864–1865, for the following Confederate ships of the James River Squadron: Beaufort, Drewry, Fredericksburg, Hampton, Nansemond, Richmond, Roanoke, Torpedo, and Virginia II (section 7). Correspondents in the collection include, among others, David Glasgow Farragut (1801–1870), Robert E. Lee, Stephen Russell Mallory (1813–1873), George Edward Pickett, James Alexander Seddon (1815–1880), and Gideon Welles (1802–1878).
Mitchell, Mary Rebecca (Combs), Scrapbook, 1860–1899. 1 volume. Mss5:7M6945:1.
Kept by Mary Rebecca (Combs) Mitchell (1825–1902), this scrapbook contains numerous newspaper clippings concerning military events and personalities in the eastern and western theaters throughout the war.
Moore Family Papers, 1737–1943. 61 items. Mss1M7875b.
Contain a diary (with transcription), 18–28 May 1861, of Josiah Staunton Moore (of Richmond) kept while serving in Company B (Virginia Life Guard) of the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment, discussing wartime service in Richmond and Williamsburg (section 1). Diary provides details about Confederate ideology, as well as daily life in the army. Also, includes the constitution and by-laws of Company B. In a brief postscript, Moore discusses his military career after his discharge in 1862 for medical reasons and his desire to pull together his many jottings into a single diary after his return from Point Lookout Prison Camp, Md.
Moore Family Papers, 1861–1865. 28 items. Photocopies of typescripts. Mss2M7877b.
This collection contains transcriptions of letters written by members of the Moore family and other Confederate soldiers throughout the war. Individual items include an undated letter from James Matthew Cabaniss (1840–1907) of Company K of the 38th Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning life in camp at Richmond; letters, 1861–1863, from William George Cabaniss (1843–1926) of the same unit regarding camp life at Richmond, near Centreville, and near Rapidan Station (now Rapidan); a letter, 30 June 1864, from C. F. Bingham and Charles B. Chilek of Company I of the 38th Virginia informing the parents of Samuel H. Moore of his death from diarrhea at Chimborazo Hospital; a letter, 28 March 1864, from Sue E. Litchford offering her views as to how the Confederacy can achieve peace; a letter, 15 November 1861, from Fletcher Benson Moore (1838–1931) of Company M of the 30th Virginia Cavalry Regiment discussing camp life in Fairfax County; letters, 1861–1864, from James W. Moore of Company B of the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Wise's Legion (later the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment), concerning his unit's movements in western Virginia (now W.Va.) in 1861 and rumors of Union activities on the Peninsula in September 1863; a letter, [?] April 1864, from an unidentified soldier at St. Andrews Parish, S.C., to Sue E. Litchford offering his negative view of the cavalry and responding to her attitude toward achieving peace for the Confederacy; letters, 1863, from Samuel H. Moore (d. 1864) of Company B of the 20th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion concerning camp life in Batteries No. 9 and 10 in the Richmond Defenses; a letter, 30 July 1861, from "I. B. N." of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment regarding camp life and the strategic situation near Huntersville (now W.Va.); a letter, 6 September 1861, from John S. Robertson of the 3d Alabama Infantry Regiment concerning fortifications and the defense of Norfolk; and a letter, 19th October 1864, from Charles W. Watts of Company H of the 11th Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning his desire to hire an African-American servant while stationed on the Bermuda Hundred lines north of Petersburg.
Moore, Josiah Staunton, Papers, 1842–1865. 15 items. Mss2M7846b. Microfilm reel C620.
This collection consists of letters, 1863–1864, to Josiah Staunton Moore (1843–1913) of the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment from William U. Morris concerning medical supplies in Richmond and from J. B. Stinson of the 26th Alabama Infantry Regiment regarding the Fredericksburg battlefield, picket duty, and the state of morale in the western Confederacy following the fall of Vicksburg, Miss., and Port Hudson, La.
Moore, L. Robert, Papers, 1861–1865. 18 items. Photocopies. Mss2M7847b.
This collection consists of photocopies of the wartime letters, 1861–1865, of L. Robert Moore (b. 1839?) of Company C of the 1st Virginia Light Artillery Battalion (the Halifax Light Artillery Battery). Letters to his family concern primarily his service during the Petersburg campaign and include descriptions of camp life, fighting during the siege (including the battle of Burgess's Mill), and speculations concerning military events and strategies.
Moore, Samuel Johnston Cramer, Papers, 1861–1904. 18 items. Mss1M7864a.
edar Creek), and M. R. Tunno (discussing John Brown Gordon at the battles of Gettysburg and Cedar Creek) (section 6); and an essay, 29 June 1889, by Samuel Moore on the battle of Cedar Creek (section 7).
Mordecai, William Young, Papers, 1862–1864. 25 items. Mss2M8117b.
This collection contains the wartime letters, 1862–1864, of William Young Mordecai (1836–1900) of the 2d Company of Richmond Howitzers. Mordecai's letters to his mother and aunt offer detailed descriptions of camp life near Richmond in June 1862 and at Bunker Hill (now W.Va.) in October 1862, of the reorganization of the battery following the 1862 Maryland campaign, of the effect on the army's morale of the decision by Confederate authorities to defend Richmond in late May 1862, and of Mordecai's new duties as company quartermaster. Military engagements briefly described by Mordecai include the battles of Williamsburg, the Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Court House, and the 1862 Maryland, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, and Mine Run campaigns.
Moring, Walter Fabius Maximus, Diary, 1863–1864. 2 volumes. Mss5:1M8255:1-2.
Consists of a two-volume diary, 15 August 1863–4 March 1864 and 5 March 5–22 June 1864, kept by Walter Fabius Maximus Moring (1842–1887) while serving in the 44th Virginia Infantry Regiment near Richmond. The diary concerns his life in the army, military discipline, weather conditions, and brief descriptions of fighting near Richmond. A handwritten transcription of the diary is filed with the collection.
Morrison, Mary E. (Rambant), Memoirs, 1902. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1M8348:1.
Consists of a typed transcript of the memoirs of Mary E. (Rambant) Morrison (1832–1904) of Petersburg. Included in her memoirs are descriptions of Robert E. Lee, of the Confederate evacuation of Petersburg on 3 April 1865, and of the burial of a Confederate soldier, identified as "F. E. Cayle" of the 3d Company of the Louisiana Washington Artillery Battery, during the chaotic occupation of the city by Union troops.
Morris, Charles (1826–1893), Papers, 1861–1928 (bulk 1863–1865). 121 items. Mss1M8315a.
Contain letters (arranged chronologically), 1861–1865, of Major Charles Morris, a quartermaster in the Confederate army in Richmond, to his wife, Mary (Minor) Morris, at home in Hanover County (section 1). In 1861, he was assigned to the staff of John Bankhead Magruder. For most of the war, he was stationed in Richmond until his capture by Federal troops in 1865. Morris detailed military events in the Western and Eastern theaters of war in his letters, providing news about battles and campaigns and the merits of various generals (letter of 17 June 1863 states how great a loss Stonewall Jackson was to the Confederacy; letter of 28 September 1863 says that Braxton Bragg has done "great things"). Correspondence of 1863 provides details about the Vicksburg siege, the Gettysburg campaign, and the battles for Chattanooga. In 1864, Morris closely followed the fighting between General Ulysses S. Grant and General Robert E. Lee during the Overland Campaign (letter of 16 May discusses the mortal wounding of General Junius Daniel at the battle of Spotsylvania Court House and the horrible fighting there) and the siege at Petersburg (letter of 1 August mentions the battle of the Crater). In 1864–1865, Morris wrote about the contest between generals Joseph E. Johnston and William Tecumseh Sherman in Georgia and the Carolinas (letter of 4 July 1864 says that the news from Johnston's army is "encouraging"; undated letter [probably March 1865] mentions Johnston's efforts to stop Sherman in North Carolina).
Morris often wrote about the shifting state of Confederate morale (letter of 10 July 1863 calls it his "bitterest and darkest day"; letter of 22 February 1864 notes the soldiers are "in excellent spirits") and economic and political matters in Richmond, such as the activities of the Confederate Congress (letter of 21 January 1864 talks of frequent secret sessions), and prices (letter of 19 August 1863 mentions high cost of butter; letter of 21 April 1864 discusses the cost of eggs). Morris also wrote about the family's slaves (letter of 20 October 1862 discusses his wife's worry about their servants), the slave economy (letter of 13 January 1864 complains of a glut in the market), and the loss of slaves (letter of 20 March 1865 discusses Federal troops seizing his cousin's workers).
Morton, William Goodridge, Papers, 1861–1907. 23 items. Mss2M84645b.
This collection consists primarily of letters, 1861–1865, from William Goodridge Morton (b. 1838) of Halifax County to his family concerning his service in the 53d Virginia Infantry Regiment and the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Morton's letters offer descriptions of camp life, the battle of North Anna, an engagement near New Bern, N.C., and the construction of trenches on the Bermuda Hundred line.
Mosby, John Singleton, Papers, 1855–1922. 57 items. Photocopies. Mss1M8505a.
The John S. Mosby (1833–1916) papers consist primarily of correspondence, 1861–1914, concerning Mosby's service in the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment and the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion, Partisan Rangers. In letters, 1862–1865, to his wife, Pauline (Clarke) Mosby (1837–1876), Mosby describes incidents of camp life while stationed in northern Virginia in 1861, skirmishes with Union cavalry, his role in J. E. B. Stuart's ride around McClellan, and marching to Leesburg en route to Maryland in September 1862 (section 2). Other items in the collection include letters, 1863–1864, from Robert E. Lee regarding Mosby's actions at a cavalry fight at Dranesville in April 1863, and orders to carry out raids against the Manassas Gap Railroad (sections 3 and 4); orders and reports, 1863–1864, concerning Mosby's operations near Aldie (section 7); and, postwar letters, 1866–1914, discussing the Confederate cavalry's role in the battle of Gettysburg (section 8). Of particular note is a letter, 1864, from Mosby to Philip Henry Sheridan concerning the threat of execution for any captured member of George Armstrong Custer's command in retaliation for the execution of several of Mosby's Rangers (section 2). The Mosby papers are printed, in part, in Adele H. Mitchell, ed., The Letters of John S. Mosby (Carlisle, Pa., 1986). The originals of a few of the items in this collection can be found in the John S. Mosby (1833–1916) papers (Mss1M8505c).
Mosby, John Singleton, Papers, 1863–1911. 8 items. Mss1M8505d.
This collection consists primarily of five small scrapbooks containing newspaper articles, 1908–1910, written by Mosby concerning the Confederate victory at the first battle of Bull Run and J. E. B. Stuart's role in the Gettysburg campaign (section 1).
Mosby, John Singleton, Papers, 1863–1911. 12 items. Mss2M8504a.
This collection contains wartime and postwar letters of John S. Mosby (1833–1916). Items relating to the Civil War include a letter, 13 January 1871, to Robert Augustus Stiles (1836–1905) regarding information on the Dahlgren raid on Richmond in March 1864 (a3); letters, 1911, to Eppa Hunton, Jr. (1855–1932), concerning the details surrounding a postwar meeting between Robert E. Lee and George Edward Pickett (a6 and 8); a photocopy of Mosby's commission, 19 March 1863, as captain of partisan rangers in the Confederate army (a7); and the order, 21 April 1865, issued by Mosby disbanding the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion (a10).
Mosby, John Singleton, Papers, 1873–1909. 4 items. Mss2M8504e.
This small collection consists of postwar letters and papers of John S. Mosby (1833–1916). Materials relating to the war include a letter, 23 August 1909, from Mosby to Henry Coley Jordan (d. 1912) of Richmond concerning Mosby's attitude toward Confederate reunions, a brief account of his disbanding of the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion on 21 April 1865, and his opinion of the destruction of private property during the war by Philip Henry Sheridan, William Tecumseh Sherman, Daniel Harvey Hill, John B. Magruder, Jubal A. Early, and Jefferson Davis (e2); and a letter, 31 May 1889, to Mosby from Marcus Joseph Wright, while serving Washington, D.C., as a compiler of the Official Records of the war, regarding praise for Mosby's conduct from reports and correspondence of Robert E. Lee and J. E. B. Stuart (e3).
Mosby, John Singleton, Papers, 1908–1916. 47 items. Mss1M8505b.
This collection of postwar materials contains letters, 1908–1916, from John S. Mosby (1833–1916) to Arthur Bell Clarke (1854–1923) and Eben Swift (1854–1938) regarding Mosby's history of Confederate cavalry at the battle of Gettysburg. Also in his letters to Clarke, Mosby seeks specific information on the role of Thomas J. Jackson's brigade at the first battle of Bull Run for his memoirs of the war in Virginia.
Mosby, John Singleton, Recollections, n.d. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:1M8503:1.
This collection contains a typed transcript of the undated recollections of John S. Mosby (1833–1916), as told to James F. Breazeale. Mosby's recollections, entitled "Stealing a General," offer a detailed account of his capture of Edwin Henry Stoughton at Fairfax Court House on 9 March 1863.
Moseley, Edward, Letters, 1863–1865. 13 items. Mss2M8524b.
Contains the letters of Edward Moseley of London, England, to his wife concerning his journey to the United States and Canada during the Civil War. Of particular note is a printed letter, 8 April 1865, describing a visit by boat to the recently evacuated cities of Petersburg and Richmond. (b10).
Moseley, John Baxter, Diary, 1864–1865. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss5:1M8525:1.
A photocopy of a diary, 20 November 1864–6 April 1865, kept by John Baxter Moseley (1834–1897) of Company B of the 14th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Entries in the diary concern life in camp (including descriptions of drill, picket duty, and drunkenness in the regiment) and brief accounts of the battle of Five Forks and a cavalry fight near Liberty Mills in December 1864.
Moseley, John Baxter, Papers, 1861–1863. 4 items. Photocopies. Mss2M8525b.
This collection contains photocopies of letters written to John Baxter Moseley (1834–1897) of Company A of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment from Evelyn Dupuy (Gilliam) Ford (1842–1870) of Rosedale, Appomattox County, offering her sympathy on the death of several members of his company (possibly from disease) in August 1861, reporting family news, and imploring him to maintain his good character while in the army (b1–4) and from R. V. Marshall of Charlotte County mentioning briefly the condition of Moseley's company while at Romney (now W.Va.) in January 1862 and referring to an order requiring all county men who have been discharged from the Confederate army to register in the county militia (b5).
Mott, Thomas Bentley, Papers, 1844–1945. 573 items. Mss1M8585a.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of Thomas Bentley Mott, author and U.S. Army military attaché in Paris, France, and his wife, Rose Gabrille Georgette (Saint Paul) Mott, infirmière-major of a military field hospital in France during the First World War and founder of Aid to the Côte Basque, a relief agency that assisted French children during the Second World War.
Section 1 of the collection includes the following Civil War items: general orders no. 1, 5 June 1862, issued by the Medical Director's Office of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia regarding the proper method of requesting medical supplies; letters, 1863, written by John Scott Deyerle (of the 21st Virginia Cavalry Regiment) to William Elisha Peters (concerning the health condition of the 21st Virginia Cavalry) and Hugh Stockdell (of the Medical Purveyor's Office of the Confederate States Army) to Dr. Armistead Randolph Mott (regarding medical supply orders); lists, 1863, of medical officers serving in the Confederate Department of North Carolina (particularly officers in Ransom's, Colquitt's, Jenkins's, Daniel's and Martin's brigades); an account, 26 August 1863, of medical supplies issued to Dr. Armistead Randolph Mott (as a surgeon in Ransom's Division of the Army of Northern Virginia) by Hugh Stockdell; and a report, November 1863, of sick and wounded in Company E of the 16th Georgia Infantry Regiment at Russellville, Tenn.
Muire Family Papers, 1861–1916. 21 items. Mss2M8957b.
This collection contains the papers of three members of the Muire family of King and Queen County. The letters, 1861–1863, of James William Muire (b. 1841) of Company C of the 26th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his parents concern camp life (including constant requests for food and clothing from home) and brief descriptions of the Seven Days' battles, J. E. B. Stuart's raid on Catlett's Station (now Catlett), and of the death of Thomas J. Jackson following the battle of Chancellorsville (section 1). Letters, 1861–1862, from John Thomas Muire (b. 1843) of Company G of the 26th Virginia to his parents briefly discuss camp life at Gloucester Point (section 2). Other items in the collection include an oath of allegiance to the United States, 15 June 1865, sworn by Theodore Norborne Muire (b. 1845) of Company C of the 26th Virginia and a photocopy of a photograph, 1916, of Theodore Muire (section 3).
Mull, Oscar Ogelsby, Diary, 1863–1864. 1 volume. Mss5:1M9102:1.
Kept by Oscar Ogelsby Mull (1837–1874) of Company G of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, this diary, 30 April–7 June 1863 and 23 February–14 May 1864, provides a daily record of events for the unit. Entries offer descriptions of the weather, numerous drills and dress parades, incidents of camp life in Fredericksburg and near Madison Run Station, Mull's bouts with illness, and his unit's participation in the battle of Spotsylvania Court House. A typed transcription is included in the collection.
Munford, Beverley Bland, Papers, 1907–1908. 6 items. Mss2M9232b.
This small collection consists of letters, 1907–1908, to Beverley Bland Munford (1856–1910) of Tucson, Ariz., and Richmond, Va., from the descendants of several prominent Confederate officers answering questions regarding their relatives' attitudes toward slavery and whether they owned slaves. Correspondents in the collection include George Benjamin Johnston (1853–1916) for Joseph E. Johnston; Daniel Murray Lee (1843–1916) for Fitzhugh Lee; George Washington Custis Lee for Robert E. Lee; James Macgill (1844–1923) for A. P. Hill; Richard Launcelot Maury (1840–1907) for Matthew Fontaine Maury; and Flora (Cooke) Stuart (1836–1923) for J. E. B. Stuart.
Munford, Thomas Taylor, "Last Days of Fitz Lee's Cavalry Division," ca. 1908. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1M9237:1.
This collection contains a photocopy of a typescript of an unpublished history of Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry division during the Appomattox campaign by Thomas Taylor Munford(1831–1919), formerly of the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Included in Munford's history is a detailed account of the battle of Five Forks.
Munford, William, Receipt, 1861. 1 item. Mss2M9238a1.
A pay voucher, 18 October 1861, issued to William Munford (1829–1904) of the 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment for the amount of $510.
Mutter, John, Tax Records, 1864. 3 items. Mss2M9847b.
This collection contains tax records of John Mutter of Chesterfield County and includes a receipt, 1 October 1864, for fodder issued by the Confederate Quartermaster Department and tax returns, 13–14 December 1864, filed with the Confederate Tax in Kind Bureau.
Myers, Frank McIntosh, Notes, n.d. 7 items. Mss5:9M9925:1.
This collection contains notes and memoranda collected by Frank McIntosh Myers (d. 1906) for his history of the 35th Virginia Cavalry Battalion, entitled The Comanches: A History of White's Battalion, Virginia Cavalry, Laurel Brigade, Hampton Division, A.N.V., C.S.A. (Baltimore, 1871). Myers's notes concern the battles of Cedar Mountain and the Wilderness.
Myers, Gustavus Adolphus, Papers, 1812–1866. 14 items. Mss2M9895b. Microfilm reel C620.
This collection contains the correspondence of Gustavus Adolphus Myers (1801–1869) of Richmond. Letters, 1864–1865, to Myers from his son, William Barksdale Myers (1839–1873), concern Jubal Early's raid on Washington, D.C., the second battle of Kernstown, and life in the trenches around Petersburg (b5–13).
Updated December 17, 2009
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