"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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Selected accessions (2018)

Manuscripts

  1. Bible records, 1745–1902, of the Bonewell family of Accomack County. 3 leaves (photocopies). Concern the family of Joachim Michael Bonewell (d. 1783). Also concern the Allen, Lewis, Melson, Russell, and Tunnall families, all of Accomack County. Gift of Ray and Laura Flournoy, Richmond.

  2. Account book, 1784–93, of William Pannill III, “Green Level,” Orange County. 1 v. ([274] pages). Gift of Linda W. and Richard H. Knight, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., in honor of Frances Davis Knight.

  3. Account book, 1789–1804, of William Pannill III, “Green Level,” Orange County. 1 v. (250 pages). Gift of Linda W. and Richard H. Knight, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., in honor of Frances Davis Knight.

  4. Bible records, 1796–1954, of the Rutter family of Deep Creek and Gilmonton [now city of Chesapeake], Va. 5 leaves; 8 1/2 x 11 in. Photocopies made from an original Bible at the Norfolk County Historical Society, Chesapeake. Gift of the Norfolk County Historical Society, Chesapeake, through the courtesy of Robert B. Hitchings, Norfolk.

  5. Papers, 1800–1938, of the Unroe family of Rockbridge County. 161 items. Gift of John Unroe, Walnut Creek, California.

  6. Papers, 1805–49, of Carter Braxton concerning the estate of Philip Ludwell Grymes of “Brandon,” Middlesex County. 12 items. Bequest of E. Lee Shepard, Goochland.

  7. Membership register, 1827–49, of Shiloh Methodist Episcopal Church, Montpelier. 1 v. ([165] p.); handwritten: 6 x 7 1/2 in. Pages 1–145 concern white members of the church; pages 146–47 are blank. The book then turns and begins in the back on page 148 with African American members. Deposited by the Board of Trustees of Shiloh United Methodist Church, Montpelier.

  8. Account book, 1831–33, of Thomas W. Davis kept in Orange County. 1 v. (c. 200 p.). Gift of Linda W. and Richard H. Knight, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., in honor of Frances Davis Knight.

  9. Letter, 1836 October 5, of R. H. W. Brent, Danville, Columbia County, Pennsylvania, to Mrs. Margaret L. Gibson, White Stone, Lancaster County, Virginia. 1 item (3 pages on 1 leaf); handwritten, signed: 10 x 15 3/4 inches. Concerns Brent’s experiences as a Methodist circuit rider on the Northumberland Circuit and his doubts about his abilities. Gift of Deanna Bello, Anzo, California.

  10. Autograph album, c. 1854–1905, of Anne Stallard, Petersburg.1 volume. Deaccessioned from a southern institution to benefit the collections fund.

  11. Circular, 1863 October 18, of Henry A. Ellis, Captain, 17th U.S. Infantry, ordering the report any losses suffered or abandonment of property that occurred while transporting equipment and supplies from Bealeton to Fairfax. 1 item. Gift of Zachary Sapienza, Murphysboro, Illinois.

  12. Muster and payroll, 1864 June 30–August 31, of the 30th Regiment, United States Colored Troops. 11 items. Purchased.

  13. Diplomas, 1870 and 1872, awarded to Evelyn G. Rooney by the Wesleyan Female Institute, Staunton. 4 items. Anonymous gift.

  14. Genealogical notes, 1887–2016, concerning the Betts family of Halifax County. 37 items. Gift of Holly C. Hartley, Richmond.

  15. Account book, 1889 January 1–1890 January 31, of William James Crittenden, M.D., kept in Orange County. 1 v. (122 pages). Gift of Linda W. and Richard H. Knight, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., in honor of Frances Davis Knight.

  16. Materials, 1898–1963, relating to the Petersburg School of Music, Petersburg. 4 items. Deaccessioned from a southern institution to benefit the collections fund.

  17. Minute book, 1917–71, of the Richmond Society of the Archaeological Institute of America. 1 v. (1–116, 119–300 p.). Gift of the Richmond Society, Archaeological Institute of America.

  18. Account book, 1923–25, of William James Crittenden, M.D., kept in Orange County. 1 v. (298 pages). Gift of Linda W. and Richard H. Knight, Jr., Nashville, Tenn., in honor of Frances Davis Knight.

  19. Memoir, 1930s, of life at “Springe Grange,” Richmond, by Margaret Rice Smith. 1 item (6 leaves). Photocopy. Gift of Miss Elizabeth Root Rice, Richmond.

  20. Letters, 1934–68, of Mary H. “Peg” Yavorsky, Madera, Clearfield County, Pa. 197 items. Purchased.

  21. Records, 1955–75, of the Richmond City Democratic Committee. 3 linear feet. Gift of Sandra D. Bowen, Henrico.

  22. Papers, 1957–2018, of Ambassador Peter Bridges. 1 linear foot (12 folders). Materials reflect Ambassador Peter Bridges’s career in the U.S. Foreign Service and in particular his time as ambassador to Somalia. Gift of Ambassador Peter Bridges, Arlington.

  23. Unpublished manuscript, [1964], “Morals of Virginians in the 18th Century: A History,” by Robert L. Hilldrup. 500 (c.) leaves. Gift of Robert P. Hilldrup through the courtesy of Mark and Margaret Hilldrup, Richmond.

  24. Unpublished manuscript, 1981–85, “Richard Booker of Williamsburg, Virginia: Articles and Research (1981–1985) of College of William and Mary Student Brian E. Gordineer Related to the Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg Cabinetmaker.” 1 volume. Gift of Brian E. Gordineer, Williamsburg.

  25. An Archaeological survey, 1988, of historic occupation at City Point. [Philadelphia, Pa.] : National Park Service, 1988. 1 item (38 leaves). Gift of Walter H. Brown, III, South Prince George.

  26. Oral history, 1995, of Agnes M. Preston of Montgomery County. 1 sound cassette. Gift of Joyce P. Haupt, Wake Forest, N.C.

  27. Video, 2018, Daddy, What Did You Do in the War?: Peyton Lee Rowlett, A Soldier’s Story, produced by Rowlett Publishing LLC in cooperation with One Life, One Legacy Films. 1 computer disc. Gift of Dr. Peyton Lee Rowlett, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Confederate Memorial Literary Society Manuscripts

  1. Papers, 1803–81, of the Tompkins family of Richmond. 99 items. Primarily correspondence of Christopher Quarles Tompkins while garrisoned at Monterey, Calif., during the Mexican War. Gift of Dr. Edward D. C. Campbell made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 3 November 1979. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Family History Series.

  2. Papers, 1849–66, of John Quincy Adams Nadenbousch of Martinsburg, W. Va.  162 items. Purchased from Jephtha McCulloh Zimmerman of Hagerstown, Md.

  3. Papers, 1856–1939, of William T. Munford regarding his service in the Louisiana Artillery. 26 items.

  4. Papers, 1859–1907, of Hardin Beverly Littlepage of King William County and Washington, D.C. 60 items. Gift of Emily C. Strawn made to the Museum of the Confederacy, June 1, 1980.

  5. Papers, 1860–1918 (bulk 1862–65), of the Royall Family, of Covington, Ky., and Richmond, Va. 51 items. Purchased for the Museum of the Confederacy by Bruce Cobb Gottwald.

  6. Letter, 1861 February 9, of E. G. McLelland, Montgomery, Ala., to I. C. Eagles. 1 leaf.  Gift of Joyce Gentile of Hamburg, N.J., made to the Museum of the Confederacy, September 29, 2010.

  7. Diary, 1861 April 1–1862 January 31, kept by Francis M. Johnson of Georgia. [2], 96 p.: holograph; 6 5/8 x 3 1/8 in. Gift to the Museum of the Confederacy by Karen L. Smith, Pharr, Texas, in 1991.

  8. Diary, 1861 July 17–1862 January 1, kept by George M. Lalane of South Carolina. 170 p.: part holograph; 4 3/4 x 3 in.

  9. Diary, 1861 July 24–November 27, kept by John Hunter, Jr. 39 p.: handwritten; 12 3/4 x 8 in.

  10. Diary, 1861 July 31–1862 April 21, kept by John W. Gordon. [108] p.: holograph; 4 3/4 x 3 in.

  11. Letter, 1861 October 10, of John Quincy Nadenbousch, Manassas, to Hester Nadenbousch. 1 item. Gift of Wiley Sword, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, May 30, 2006.

  12. Diary, 1861 November 8–1863 September 15, kept by Robert G. Holloway. [132] p.: holograph; 6 x 3 3/4 in.

  13. Papers, 1861, of James F. Pleasants of Goochland County. 2 items. Gift of James Cocke Bowles, of Upper Byrd Farm, Columbia, Va., made to the Museum of the Confederacy in 1938.

  14. Papers, 1861–65, of the Hamilton family of Rockbridge County. 29 items. Gift of Susan Kurzon.

  15. Papers, 1861–65, of the Rock family of Goochland County. 8 items. Gift of Mrs. Samuel Griffin to the Museum of the Confederacy on an unknown date.

  16. Letters, 1861–73, of Victoria A. M. Davidson, Richmond. 25 items.

  17. Papers, 1861–1907, of John Seldon of Richmond, Virginia, and the District of Columbia. 30 items.

  18. Papers, 1861–1914, of the Rowland family of Fairfax County and Baltimore, Md. 10 items. Provenance unknown.

  19. Diary, 1862 January–June, of Benjamin T. Marvin of the 44th New York Infantry, U.S.A.

  20. Diary, 1862 January 1–August 8, kept by Eliza W. Hunter. [2], 100, [2] p.: holograph; 4 x 2 1/2 in.

  21. Letter, 1862 May 26, of James T. Sowder, Camp Stephenson near Winchester, to his parents, Jacob G. and Sarah Jane (Lee) Sowder. Recounts several days of hard marching around the Shenandoah Valley as a member of the Stonewall Brigade. Gift of Rachel M. Riley, Alexandria.

  22. Letters, 1862–63, of Joshua Thomas Denton of Coffee County, Georgia. 12 items. Gift of James C. Carter.

  23. Diary, 1862–64, of Alexander Old Lee of the 7th Battalion of Virginia Infantry. 1 volume.

  24. Papers, 1862–65, of William Rufus Barlow of Iredell County, North Carolina. Gift of Kenneth Austin.

  25. Papers, 1862–65, of Spencer C. Barnes of Wilson County, North Carolina. 18 items.

  26. Letters, 1862–65, of Clayton Glanville Coleman, Louisa County. 22 items. Gift of Lucy Singleton Coleman.

  27. Letters, 1862–65, of the Livingston family of Madison County, Florida. 45 items. Gift of Margaret (Livingston) Vann.

  28. Diaries, 1862–77, of John Harvey Fryar of Georgia and Arkansas. 8 items.

  29. Letters, 1862–1912, of DeWitt Clinton Gallaher, Waynesboro. 23 items. Gift of Montague Blundon and Lucy Mercer Marbury Blundon.

  30. Diary, 1863 June 12–October 1, kept by Colonel James R. Herbert. [2], 156 p.: part holograph; 5 x 3 1/8 in.

  31. Diary, 1863–65, of James Montgomery Lanning of Alabama. 1 volume.

  32. Papers, 1863–65, of William S. Pilcher concerning his service in the Confederate army. 25 items.

  33. Diary, 1864 January 1–May 14, kept by George M. Lalane of South Carolina. 96 p.: holograph; 6 3/4 x 4 1/8 in.

  34. Diary, 1864 February 10–1865 February 14, kept by Elijah S. Johnson. [2], 122, [8] p.: holograph; 3 1/2 x 2 3/8 in.

  35. Diary, 1864 March 17–1865 September 28, kept by Henry Carter Lee. 106 p.: holograph; 6 1/2 x 3 7/8 in.

  36. Diary, c. 1864 June 15–1865 January 27, kept by D. E. Gordon. [15] p.: holograph; 4 7/8 x 3 7/8 in.

  37. Diary, 1864–65, of William F. Lewis of Goochland County. 1 volume.

  38. Diary, 1864–65, of Randolph H. McKim of the 2nd Virginia Cavalry Regiment. 1 volume.

  39. Diary, 1864–1868, kept by Halcott P. Jones of North Carolina. [2], 94 p.: holograph; 5 1/8 x 3 1/4 in.

  40. Monuments and Memorials miscellaneous manuscripts, 1865–1974, from the holdings of the Museum of the Confederacy. 269 items. Provenance varies.

  41. Records, 1887–96, of the Confederate Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument Association of Richmond. 3 items. Provenance unknown.

Maps

  1. Bry, Theodor de, 1528–1598. [Mare del Nort]. 1 map; 9 x 14 cm. on sheet 35 x 24 cm. Purchased. Formerly in the collection of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.

  2. Virginia / Ralph Hall, sculpsit, 1636. Printed for Michaell Sparke, and are to be sowld in greene Arbowre. 1 map; 17 x 23 cm. Formerly in the collection of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Purchased.

  3. Virginia, Maryland, Pennsilvania, east & west New Jarsey / Sold by Geo Grierson at the Two Bibles in Essex Street. 1 map; 50.8 x 79.6 cm. Formerly in the collection of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Purchased.

  4. Preliminary Map of Lunenburg County, Virginia / prepared under the direction of the Board of Survey of Washington and Lee University by Jed. Hotchkiss, Top. Eng., Staunton, 1871. 1 map: black and white; 51 x 57 cm. Purchased from Jerry Showalter, Bookseller, Ivy.

Newspapers

  1. Staunton Spectator and General Advertiser, 1879 October 4. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

  2. Valley Virginian, 1883 April 19. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

  3. Our Church Paper, 1892 January 6. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

  4. Rockingham Register, 1895 August 23. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

  5. Spirit of the Valley, 1898 August 26. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

  6. Staunton Spectator and Vindicator, 1898 September 22. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

  7. Daily News, 1903 December 5. Gift of Katherine D. Kane, West Hartford, Conn.

Published Materials

  1. Abrams, Jeanne E. First Ladies of the Republic: Martha Washington, Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, and the Creation of an Iconic American Role. New York, 2018. These women forged their own roles as First Ladies while supporting their husband’s political agendas. Purchase. Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  2. Allison, David B. Controversial Monuments and Memorials: A Guide for Community Leaders. Lanham, Md., 2018. “Out of the chaos and pain of Charlottesville, museum professionals, public historians, and community leaders must move quickly to face the challenges of competing historical memory.” Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  3. Arsenault, Raymond. Arthur Ashe: A Life. New York, 2018. Barred from competing with whites in his native Richmond, Arthur Ashe became one of the world’s most successful tennis stars as well as a human rights activist, philanthropist, broadcaster, author, businessman, and celebrity. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  4. Bailey, Gertrude Blackwell. If Words Could Set Us Free. Jericho, New York, 1974. This acclaimed African American poet was born in Meredithville, Virginia, in 1920. She was active in community affairs in the areas of busing programs, day care centers, and educational programs for African American children. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  5. Barr, James Houston. Lt. Colonel Nathaniel Pope, 1610–1660, of Virginia: Ancestor of Washington, Governors and Legislators, History of His Descendants. Louisville, 2018. Pope’s lineage covers a period of 375 years and includes one president, four governors, three U.S. senators, nine members of the U.S. House of Representatives, seventy-eight state legislators, and more than 420 military officers. Gift of Arthur C. Peter.

  6. Berry, Daina Ramey. The Price for Their Pound of Flesh: The Value of the Enslaved, From Womb to Grave, in the Building of a Nation. Boston, 2017. The author uses John Hill who was about to be sold in Richmond on New Year’s Day 1853 when he escaped, as an example of “soul value.” Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  7. Blackman, Lynne. Central to Their Lives: Southern Women Artists in the Johnson Collection. Columbia, S.C., 2018. Includes information on Virginia artists Adele Clark, Nell Blaine and Theresa Pollak as well as an image from VHS/VMHC collections of the Equal Suffrage League of Richmond. Gift of the University of South Carolina Press.

  8. Boylan, Brian Richard. Benedict Arnold: The Dark Eagle. New York, 1973. The author describes Arnold’s defection to the British as a consequence of his lack of official recognition for his Revolutionary War accomplishments. Gift of the estate of Samuel Summerfield Lambeth III, Eugenia Richards Lambeth, and James Holcombe Lambeth.

  9. Brookhiser, Richard. Founder’s Son: A Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York, 2014. Lincoln turned to the legacy of the Founding Fathers (Washington, Paine, and Jefferson) to provide knowledge, guidance, inspiration, and purpose in his journey toward the national political scene. Gift of Todd Culbertson.

  10. Brown, Richard D. Self-Evident Truths: Contesting Equal Rights from the Revolution to the Civil War. New Haven, 2017. Struggles with inequality began following the ideals presented in the Declaration of Independence and continued throughout the antebellum period of American history. Gift of Yale University Press.

  11. Browne, Henry James. Vanishing History: Ruins in Virginia. Charlottesville, 2017. Includes striking images of kilns, forges, canals, locks, bridges, viaducts, tunnels, train stations, mills, industrial sites, residences, churches, springs, and villages with a special section on Menokin. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  12. Buena Vista News. Hurricane Camille, August 20, 1969: A Review. Buena Vista, 1970. Pictorial history of the devastating floods which occurred in Rockingham County as a result of Hurricane Camille. Gift of Dr. Charles F. Bryan, Jr.

  13. Buntline, Ned. Life in the Saddle, or, The Cavalry Scout. New York, 1864. Dime novel set in Virginia during the Civil War written by Edward Zane Carroll under the pseudonym Ned Buntline. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  14. Calloway, Colin G. The Indian World of George Washington: The First President, the First Americans, and the Birth of the Nation. New York, 2018. Analysis of George Washington’s life and experiences with native Americans which profoundly influenced America’s destiny. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  15. Cobbs Hoffman, Elizabeth. The Hello Girls: America’s First Women Soldiers. Cambridge, Mass., 2017. The first women soldiers were the World War I masters of the telephone switchboard and provided reliable communications between commanders of the American Expeditionary Force and their soldiers in the battlefield. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  16. Co-operative Industrial Association of Virginia. Circular: Joint Stock Company of the Above Name Has Been Chartered and Organized Under the Laws of Virginia. Washington, D.C., 1877. Prospectus for a communal society in Virginia to be built twenty miles south of Washington on the Potomac River. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  17. Crow, Matthew. Thomas Jefferson: Legal History and the Art of Recollection. New York, 2017. Analysis of Jefferson’s understanding regarding the role of law in the development of American nationalism. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  18. Davis, David A. World War I and Southern Modernism. Jackson, Miss., 2018. Examines World War I as a disruption to the flowering of modernist southern literature and includes James Branch Cabell and Ellen Glasgow as examples of this upheaval. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  19. Deetz, Kelley Fanto. Bound to the Fire: How Virginia’s Enslaved Cooks Helped Invent American Cuisine. Lexington, Ky., 2017. Bound to the fire of plantation kitchens the cooks of Mount Vernon and Monticello had a significant impact on Virginia and America’s culinary and hospitality traditions. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  20. DeValliere, C. Norm. It’s Only a Move: The Journal of Avant Garde Culture. Fairfax, 1976–77. A unique Northern Virginia fanzine with extensive illustrations which covers the punk/rock world. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  21. Devlin, Rachel. A Girl Stands at the Door: The Generation of Young Women Who Desegregated America’s Schools. New York, 2018. African American girls stood on the front line in the battle to desegregate schools and outnumbered boys as volunteers for this task. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  22. Duhl, Olga Anna and Diane Windham Shaw. A True Friend of the Cause: Lafayette and the Antislavery Movement. New York, 2016. Lafayette’s work on behalf of the abolition of slavery is not widely known, and this exhibition catalog from the Grolier illustrates his activities in France, the United States, and South America to end slavery. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  23. J. S. Dwyer & Co. Boots, Shoes, Hats! Having Purchased Our Goods for Cash We Can Offer Them as Low, and We Think, at Lower Prices Than They Can Be Had Elsewhere. . . . You Will Find Us at Gassman & Bros. Hardware Store, Harrisonburg, Va. Harrisonburg, 1873. George Gassman opened his hardware store around 1890 after moving to Harrisonburg from Pennsylvania. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  24. Fairfax Citizens’ Council. From Their Own Propaganda: The Shocking Truth! About Northern Virginia’s Parent-Teacher Groups. McLean, Va., 1957. A large anti-integration foldout poster reproducing “propaganda” from pro-integration groups in Northern Virginia. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  25. Ferling, John E. Apostles of Revolution: Jefferson, Paine, Monroe and the Struggle Against the Old Order in America and Europe. New York, 2018. Jefferson, Paine, and Monroe hoped the American Revolution would inspire similar revolutions and changes to the social order in Europe. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  26. Finkelman, Paul. Supreme Injustice: Slavery in the Nation’s Highest Court. Cambridge, Mass., 2018. Contains an authoritative account of John Marshall’s proslavery position as a slaveowner and jurist. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  27. Franklin, Sara B. Edna Lewis: At the Table with an American Original. Chapel Hill, 2018. Includes “African Virginia Roots of Edna Lewis” by Michael Twitty. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  28. Fullerton, Dan C. Armies in Gray: The Organizational History of the Confederate States Army in the Civil War, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge, 2017. This sizable statistical work aims to track the creation, development, deployment, and composition of the Confederate army throughout the Civil War. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  29. Ganteaume, Cecile R. Officially Indian: Symbols That Define the United States. Washington, D.C., 2017. Images of Native American have been used on a wide variety of cultural objects, and the author “traces the ways [they] have been used as symbols of the continent and nation.” Gift of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian.

  30. Green, Hiliary. Educational Reconstruction: African American Schools in the Urban South, 1865–1890. New York, 2016. Includes extensive information about post–Civil War African American schools in Richmond, including the Baker School, Richmond Colored Normal School, Valley School, and the Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  31. Hallman, Randy, Phil Stanton, and Robert S. Ukrop. The Diamond: Miracle on the Boulevard. Manakin-Sabot, Va., 2018. A lavishly illustrated volume that tells the story of how community engagement and partnerships throughout the Richmond metropolitan area allowed a new baseball field to be built between September 1984 and April 1985. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  32. Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. Catalogue of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, Hampton, Va., for the Academical Year 1870–1871, Incorporated by Special Act of the General Assembly of Virginia, Opened April 1868. Boston, 1871. This catalog bears the signature of J. H. Trumbull and may have belonged to James Hammond Trumbull, a prominent member of the Historical Society of Connecticut, where he was president from 1863 to 1889. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  33. Hansard, Gregory J. German Sailors in Hampton Roads: A World War I Story at the Norfolk Navy Yard. Charleston, S.C., 2018. The intriguing story of more than 800 German sailors who built a tiny village in the Norfolk Navy Yard while being interned at Hampton Roads. Gift of the author in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  34. Harris, W. H., Jr. The Future of the “Dark Continent”. Harrisonburg, 1898. Unrecorded pamphlet covering colonial Africa, written by a Harrisonburg lawyer and apparently sold by hand in town. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  35. Hayes, John. Hard. Hard Religion: Interracial Faith in the Poor South. Chapel Hill, 2017. Biracial study of faith and class that allowed the poor to survive economic struggles while living as devout Christians. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  36. Hopkins, Marcus S. Cohabitation Register of Louisa County, Virginia. Palmyra, Va., 2016. Transcription of a register done by Bvt. Maj. Marcus S. Hopkins in his role as the Freedmen’s Bureau Administrator of Louisa and Orange counties. One of their tasks was to record marriages of former slaves who had not had the opportunity to legally marry until 1865. Purchased through the Charles S. Fazel Fund.

  37. Johnson, Charles Spurgeon. Growing Up in the Black Belt: Negro Youth in the Rural South. Washington, D.C., 1941. A study commissioned by the American Youth Commission investigates low economic conditions for African Americans and their effects on their children. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  38. Johnson, Charles Spurgeon. Patterns of Negro Segregation. London, Eng., 1944. Johnson was born in Bristol, Virginia, and received his undergraduate degree from Virginia Union. A lifelong advocate of racial equality, he makes numerous references to Virginia in this volume. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  39. Johnson, Robert Wayne. Through the Heart of the South: The Seaboard Air Line Railroad Story. Erin, Ont., 1995. Comprehensive history of a railroad which was not an airline and served Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, and Alabama until 1967. Gift of Jay Taylor.

  40. Jones, Louise Turner. Emily Latimer, My Mammy. Richmond, 1950. Contains anecdotes written by the author about her childhood experiences with her African American caretaker who was born a slave around 1842. Gift of Jay Taylor.

  41. Lewis, Edna and Angela Mulloy. Celebrating the Chestnut: Recipes and Lore from a Virginia Plantation. Orange, 1999. This unique cookbook contains recipes from the Willow Grove Inn in Orange County, where an annual chestnut festival was held until the death of Edna Lewis in 2006. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  42. Macy, Beth. Dopesick: Dealers, Doctors and the Drug Company That Addicted America. New York, 2018. Macy begins with the investigation of the addiction and death a of high school football star in Strasburg, Virginia, to uncover a state and nationwide opioid epidemic. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon.

  43. Neary, Janet. Fugitive Testimony: On the Visual Logic of Slave Narratives. New York, 2017. Includes the narratives of Elizabeth Keckley, Solomon Northup, Henry Box Brown, and Nat Turner. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  44. Nelson, Louis P., and Claudrena N. Harold, eds. Charlottesville 2017: The Legacy of Race and Inequity. Charlottesville, 2018. The racist violence that occurred in Charlottesville is the subject of this collection of essays, which tries to answer questions about racism, public art, free speech, and social ethics. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  45. Nicoletti, Cynthia. Secession on Trial: The Treason Prosecution of Jefferson Davis. New York, 2017. The treason trial that never happened is discussed in the context of secession and how to treat Confederate officials. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  46. O’Connor, Peter. American Sectionalism in the British Mind, 1832–1863. Baton Rouge, 2017. This interdisciplinary study examines British attitudes toward the southern sectionalism movement from the abolition of slavery in the British Empire to the Nullification Crisis in South Carolina. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  47. O’Donnell, Patrick K. The Unknowns: The Untold Story of America’s Unknown Soldier and WWI’s Most Decorated Heroes Who Brought Him Home. New York, 2018. Consecrated in 1921 at Arlington National Cemetery, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier initially honored thousands of unidentified American soldiers who died in World War I. Gift of Atlantic Monthly Press.

  48. Pierce, Lemoine D. Billy Pierce: Dance Master, Son of Purcellville. Leesburg, 2007. Born in Purcellville, Pierce moved to New York in 1923, where he opened a popular dance studio where he created the “Black Bottom Dance.” Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  49. Pinckney-Burke, Gladys. BlackGuide. Leesburg, 1985. Brainchild of African American entrepreneur Gladys Pinckney-Burke, this short-lived business guide provides a list of black-owned businesses and professional services in the Northern Virginia area. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  50. Plashal, John. A Beautifully Broken Virginia. Richmond, 2017. Hauntingly beautiful photographs of abandoned houses that preserve the legacies of these once beautiful dwellings. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  51. Polk Miller Products Corporation. Sergeant’s Dog Book: A Ready Reference for the Care Your Dog Deserves. Richmond, 1950. Polk Miller opened his drugstore in Richmond in 1871 and was one of the first druggists to sell products for dogs. His dog was named Sergeant. Gift of Dawn Jenkins.

  52. Ports, Michael A. Indian Wars of the American South, 1610–1858: A Guide for Genealogists and Historians. Baltimore, 2017. Indian Wars begins with the Powhatan Wars of 1610–46 and ends only a few years before the Civil War. The comprehensive guide discusses twenty-seven different wars and describes the historic sites and markers that commemorate them as well as the surviving records that document them. Gift of Clearfield Company.

  53. Rae, Noel. The Great Stain: Witnessing American Slavery. New York, 2018. Using thousands of original sources, Rae’s meticulous research illustrates the personal experiences of slaves, including Henry Box Brown, Olaudah Equiano, Oney Judge, Solomon Northup, Gabriel Prosser, and Nat Turner. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  54. Rakove, Jack N. A Politician Thinking: The Creative Mind of James Madison. Norman, Okla., 2017. James Madison’s social and political views were shaped by his experience as a member of the Continental Congress and member of the Virginia legislature. He used these experiences and his readings to develop strategies of ensuring constitutional stability. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  55. Reeves, John W. The Lost Indictment of Robert E. Lee: The Forgotten Case Against an American Icon. Lanham, Md., 2018. In June of 1865, Lee was indicted for treason by a grand jury in Norfolk. The original indictment was lost for seventy-two years, and over time, Lee became a venerated icon. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  56. Rhea, Gordon C. On To Petersburg: Grant and Lee, June 4–15, 1864. Baton Rouge, 2017. The author chronicles the Overland Campaign and the beginning of the siege of Petersburg. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  57. Richmond Lesbian-Feminists. Lesbian Feminist Flyer. Richmond, 1996–97. Five issues of a newsletter that includes news, opinion, events, services, resources, and a calendar of events for an organization that still exists and now publishes online. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  58. Rothermel, Barbara and Ellen Schall Agnew. Inside Looking Out: The Art of Queena Stovall. Lynchburg, 2018. Includes the paintings of this Virginia folk artist currently on exhibit at the Virginia Museum of History & Culture. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  59. Ruchelman, Leonard I. Demographic Study of the Jewish Community of Tidewater, Virginia, 1988. Norfolk, 1989. Population study of the Norfolk/Virginia Beach metropolitan area intended to serve as a long range planning document for the provision of services and facilities for a growing Jewish community. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  60. Rutherfoord-Deitrick Company. Catalog, 1904. Richmond, 1904. Catalog issued ty the Rutherfood-Deitrick Company, which supplied food, candy, cigars, etc. to grocers out of Richmond. Includes an insert for “Holiday Goods” for sale including barrel stick candy. Purchased through the Betty Sams Christian Fund.

  61. Smith, Craig Bruce. American Honor: The Creation of the Nation’s Ideals during the Revolutionary Era. Chapel Hill, 2018. With an emphasis on George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, the author illustrates that ethical ideas experienced a fundamental shift during the American Revolution. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  62. Snyder, Jeffrey Aaron. Making Black History: The Color Line, Culture, and Race in the Age of Jim Crow. Athens, Ga., 2018. Focuses on Carter G. Woodson (the only professional historian whose parents were born into slavery) and his Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  63. Spencer, Hawes. Summer of Hate: Charlottesville, USA. Charlottesville, 2018. Events leading up to and following the two days of demonstrations told from the perspectives of people on all sides of this violent incident. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  64. Stark, Peter. Young Washington: How Wilderness and War Forged America’s Founding Father. New York, 2018. Washington learned valuable lessons about resilience, diplomacy, military strategy, and comradeship while fighting in the French and Indian War. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  65. Swift, Earl. Chesapeake Requiem: A Year with the Watermen of Vanishing Tangier Island. New York, 2018. The softshell crab capital of the world is losing approximately fifteen feet of shoreline each year. The author lived on the island for two years, documenting the lives of this small unique community. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  66. Thompson, Vivian E. Climate of Capitulation: An Insider’s Account of State Power in a Coal Nation. Cambridge, Mass., 2017. The author, a former member of the Virginia State Air Pollution Control Board, illustrates the favoritism given to coal and electric utilities in Virginia that are all promoting coal fired power plants. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  67. Thorp, Daniel B. Facing Freedom: An African American Community in Virginia from Reconstruction to Jim Crow. Charlottesville, 2017. For four decades following the Civil War a small black community in Montgomery County built institutions that helped it survive a rising tide of racism. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  68. Tyler, Frances Payne Bouknight. A Time of High Cotton: A Personal History of Three Interrelated Plantations: Mulberry Hill, Home of Lt. William Miller Bouknight, Pine House, Home of Capt. Benjamin Warren Bettis, Sherwood Forest, Home of America’s Tenth President, John Tyler. Petersburg, 2014. The restoration of Sherwood Forest by Frances Tyler who grew up on Mulberry Hill Plantation in South Carolina and married the grandson of John Tyler. Gift of Ray Ashworth.

  69. Washington College. Laws and Regulations of Washington College, at Lexington, Virginia. Lexington, Va., 1842. Describes the college’s curriculum and regulations, including the “Moral Rules.” It also lists the names of trustees and faculty as well as the connection between the college and the Virginia Military Institute. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  70. Wells, Camille. Material Witnesses: Domestic Architecture and Plantation Landscapes in Early Virginia. Charlottesville, 2018. Collection of essays that primarily focus on architectural discoveries and the use of material culture in the Chesapeake region to discover patterns in American society. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  71. Wills, Brian Steel. Inglorious Passages: Noncombat Deaths in the American Civil War. Lawrence, Kans., 2017. Death by disease, accidents, murder, suicide, sunstroke, and drownings felled many Civil War soldiers while industrial and farm accidents also claimed the lives of their family members at home. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  72. Wolf, Lloyd, Duy Tran, Paula Endo, Xang Mimi Ho, and Aleksandra Lagkueva. Living Diversity: The Columbia Pike Documentary Project. Arlington, Va., 2015. Primarily color photographs with biographical sketches of this stunningly diverse community, which has been called “one of the most culturally diverse neighborhoods in the world.” Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  73. Yoder, Elwood. The Bishop’s Letters: The Writings, Life, and Times of Virginia Mennonite Bishop Martin Burkholder, 1817–1860. Harrisonburg, 2011. Virginia Mennonites provide a unique perspective on the Civil War as they were regarded as outsiders because of their Pennsylvania heritage and their unique religious practices. Gift of Elwood E. Yoder.

  74. Young, M. Neely. Trans-Atlantic Sojourners: The Story of an Americo-Liberian Family. Charlottesville, 2017. Othello Richards of Rockbridge County and William Coleman of Kentucky migrate to Liberia in the 1850s and become key players in the nation’s economic affairs. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  75. Zehmer, George B. Eugene Cole Powell, 1840-1920: A Biographical Sketch and an Interpretation. Lexington, Va., 1935. Eugene Powell served as a surgeon in the 3rd Virginia Cavalry Regiment during the Civil War and was physician in Dinwiddie County for forty years. He also served in the General Assembly and as Superintendent of Dinwiddie County Schools. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

Museum Objects

  1. James I antique English silver-gilt steeple cup, London, 1607. Gift in memory of John A. Hyman.

  2. Abolitionist pitcher with scenes inspired by Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin made by E. Ridgway & Abington of Hanley, Staffordshire, England, 1858. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  3. Oil on canvas portrait of Lucy Parke Byrd (c. 1688–1716), daughter of Daniel Parke II and wife of William Byrd II of Westover, attributed to the school of Sir Godfrey Kneller, about 1716. Gift of Joan Bryan Gates.

  4. Oil on canvas portraits of Charles Lewis Burks (1795–1845) and Lavinia Cheatwood Burks (1802–1847), 1834. Gift of the family of Louisa Burks Grabar.

  5. Oil on canvas portraits of Tucker Coles (1782–1861) and Helen Skipwith Coles (1789–1864) of Tallwood in Albemarle County by Thomas Sully (1783–1872), 1835. Received through gift/purchase from the children of Elizabeth P. Jencks.

  6. Oil on canvas portrait, Robert E. Lee (1807–1870), by Eugene Alonzo Poole (1841–1912), 1865. Gift of Richard P. Hankins, Jr.

  7. Oil on canvas portrait of Constance Adela Heath Gregory (1890–1980) by Evelyn Almond Withrow (1858–1928), 1895. Bequest of Catherine G. Wood.

  8. Photographic print of an African American man with a mule-drawn wagon by Edyth Carter Beveridge (1862–1927), early 20th century. Gift in memory of Sara Fox Wendenburg.

  9. Tracksuit jacket from the Missy Elliott “Respect M.E.” clothing line by Adidas, c. 2005. Purchased through the James H. Willcox, Jr. Fund.

  10. Painting, Virginia Pride #1, by Jumper Maybach, c. 2018. Gift of Virginia Pride.

  11. Ten posters from the Women’s March RVA in Carytown, Richmond, January 20, 2018. Gift of Women’s March RVA courtesy of Rachel Scott Everett.