"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
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Selected accessions (2019)

Manuscripts

  1. Bible records, 1779–1973, of the Howard family. 12 p.: handwritten; 8 1/2 in. x 11 in. Gift of F. Murphy Sprinkel, Glen Allen, and Mary Jane Stout, State College, Pa.

  2. Genealogical notes, 1779–1973, on the Howard family. 78 items. Gift of F. Murphy Sprinkel, Glen Allen, and Mary Jane Stout, State College, Pa.

  3. Papers, 1830, of Giles Ward, Lynchburg. 2 items. Gift of the Matyas Family Trust, Portage, MI, through the courtesy of Stephen M. Matyas, Jr., Trustee.

  4. Correspondence, 1848–49, of Alexander Nelson Montgomery concerning Elk Creek Furnace, Nelson County. 11 items. Purchased from Swann Auction Galleries, New York, NY.

  5. Indenture, 1853 August 22, between Jacob Miller and David B. Clark, Overseers of the Poor for Washington County, and James Crow. 1 item : printed form with handwritten completions ; 12 1/4 x 8 3/8 inches. Purchased from Jerry Showalter, Ivy.

  6. Diary, 1862 August 29–1863 June 19, of Jacob Castner Wandling, kept as a member of Company B, 31st Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, U.S.A. 1 v. (111 [i.e. 118] p.) : handwritten ; 12 x 7 1/2 inches. Gift of John Wandling, Carrollton.

  7. Military band music, c. 1865, compiled by James M. Wescott, 20th New York State Militia, Richmond. 3 v. (52, 40, and 40 pages): handwritten; 8 1/2 inches x 11 1/2 inches. Gift of an anonymous donor.

  8. Letter, 1884 March 7, of John M. G. Fitzpatrick, Chester, to [?] Pulliam. 1 item; handwritten, signed: 4 3/4 inches x 8 inches. Gift of Nancy Markhoff, Boones Mill.

  9. Scrapbook, 1931–71, of Elizabeth Cabell Dugdale, concerning Ambassador Alexander W. Weddell, Virginia Chase Steedman Weddell, and Virginia House, Richmond. 1 v. ([ii], 70] pages) : photographs and mounted clippings ; 12 1/2 x 14 1/2 inches Gift of Elizabeth Dugdale MacIntosh, Haverford, Pa.

  10. Correspondence, 1937–40, of Charles S. Bridges as Manager of the Export Division of Libby, McNeill & Libby, Chicago, Ill., with C. F. Embree, Batvia, Java. 36 items. Gift of Ambassador Peter S. Bridges, Arlington.

  11. Scrapbook, 1941–c. 2009, kept by members of the Heinline family, Radford. [98] pages:  mounted clippings; 12 x 14 inches. Gift of Vickie Collawn, Gum Spring.

  12. Letters, 1942–46 and 1973–75, of Beverley Patton Browne of Richmond. 32 items. Gift of Josephine Jackson Miller, Richmond.

  13. Scrapbook, 1944–45, of Spotswood Braxton Hall, Jr. [100] pages: mounted clippings, photographs; 9 3/4 in. x 13 in. Given in honor of Spotswood Braxton Hall, Jr., by Jane Hall Armfield, Richmond, Elizabeth Landon Hall, West Lebanon, N.H., and Catherine Hall Jensen, Park City, Ut.

  14. Scrapbook, 1944–52, of Joseph Poleo, Jr., kept primarily as a member of the Corps of Cadets of John Marshall High School, Richmond. 1 v. (86 p.) : mounted photographs and clippings ; 11 x 14 inches. Gift of Joseph Anthony Poleo, Hilton Head, S.C.

  15. Essay, [1958], “Houlder Hudgins of Mathews County, Virginia and his descendants,” by Houlder Hudgins IV. Boston, Mass., September 1958. 1 item (viii, 27 leaves) : printed ; 11 x 8 1/2 inches. Gift of J. William H. Hudgins, Edgartown, Miss.

  16. Research notes, 1950s–70s, of D. Reid Ross on the Bennett and Matthews families, colonial merchant trading companies, the English Civil War and its aftermath, Puritans in England and America, and the Surrender of Virginia to Parliamentary rule. 45 items. Gift of D. Reid Ross, Durango, Co.

  17. Papers, 1969–2006, of Phyllis Eason Galanti. 110 items. Gift of Phyllis (Eason) Galanti, Richmond.

  18. Notes and article, 1972, by Donald Edward Dale concerning Phyllis Galanti for The Richmond Mercury. 3 items.

  19. Videodisc, 2011, Civil War Fredericksburg, Then and Now / A Cooperative Production of the Fredericksburg Civil War Round Table and the Central Virginia Battlefields Trust. 1 videodisc; 4 3/4 in. Gift of Heritage Media, Inc.

  20. Oral history, 2013, of World War II experiences of David Hoge Crighton, conducted by Florence Crighton Olsen. [i], 12 leaves : typescript ; 8 1/2 x 11 inches. Gift of Florence Crighton Olsen, Arlington.

  21. Essay, 2017, “How ‘Brown’ became ‘Browne’ (again?)” by Robert L. Browne. 4 leaves: typescript; 8 1/2 in. x 11 in. Gift of Robert L. Browne, Nellysford.

  22. An ordinance, 2018 (no. 2018-228), to rename the Boulevard from its northerly terminus at its intersection with Brookland Parkway and Westwood Avenue to its southerly terminus at Byrd Park as “Arthur Ashe Boulevard.” 1 item (2 leaves): printed; 8 1/2 x 11 inches. Gift of the Richmond City Council.

  23. Essay, [2018], “The second Mulberry Island parish church and its social impact,” by Richard Dunn. 3 leaves : typescript ; 8 1/2 x 11 in. Gift of Richard Dunn.

Confederate Memorial Literary Society Manuscripts

  1. Papers, 1853–95 (bulk 1862–65), of William H. Routt, Orange County. 25 items. Gift of William Wallace Scott of Orange County to the Museum of the Confederacy in 1895. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  2. Collection, 1854–1932, of Matthew Fontaine Maury materials concerning his military career and life. 92 items. Received by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society from various donors at different times. Previously formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Navy Collection.

  3. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1855–2001, relating to the Confederate States Navy. 352 items.  Received by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society from various donors at different times. Previously formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Navy Collection.

  4. Papers, 1856–98, of John Thomson Mason of Fairfax, Va., and Baltimore, Md., 85 items. Gift of Kate Mason Rowland’s estate, to the Museum of the Confederacy, February 13, 1916. Previously formed party of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Navy Collection.

  5. Papers, 1858–64, of John Daniel Petty of Lunenburg and Mecklenburg County. 4 items. Gift of Dorothy Bray Weber, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 2010 September 28.

  6. Papers, 1860–81, of the Pritchett family of Pittsylvania County. 7 items. Gift of Rebecca D. Hare of Richmond to the Museum of the Confederacy, August 1, 1996. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  7. Commonplace book, 1860–63, of Robert C. Nelson of Hanover County. 1 v. ([80] p.) : handwritten ; 6 1/4 x 8 1/4 in. Gift of Robert V. England of North Fort Myers, Fla., made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1989 October 6.

  8. Papers, 1860–65, of William Ferguson Slemons of Monticello, Ark. 62 items. Gift of Sterling Tucker of Little Rock, Ark., made to the Museum of the Confederacy, December 31, 1994. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  9. Commonplace book, 1861–62, of Thomas H. Moore of White County, Tenn. 1 v. ([68] leaves) : photocopies ;  6 3/16 x 5 1/2 in. Gift of Mary Virginia (Moore) Kerr, great granddaughter of T. H. Moore of Richmond, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1985 May 3.

  10. Diaries, 1861–62, of John Benjamin Richardson while serving in the 1st Company of the Washington Artillery Battalion. 2 items. Gift of Cornelia A. “Nannie” (Pugh) Richardson, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1910 September.

  11. Papers, 1861–63, of Sidney S. Stringer of Amelia, County. 4 items. Gift of Amelia Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, to the Museum of the Confederacy, October 5, 1917. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  12. Papers, 1861–64, of John Daniel Petty of Lunenburg and Mecklenburg County. 7 items. Gift of Eula Petty Young, granddaughter of John D. Petty, made to the Museum of the Confederacy 1934 September 24.

  13. Papers, 1861–64, of Tucker St. Joseph Randolph, Richmond. 39 items. Gift of Janet Henderson (Weaver) Randolph of Richmond to the Museum of the Confederacy on an unknown date. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  14. Papers, 1861–64, of William Samuel Woods. 47 items. Gift of David S. Woods, of Newbern, Ala., made to the Museum of the Confederacy, February 27, 1989. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  15. Papers, 1861–65, of Philip Dangerfield Stephenson of St. Louis, Mo. 6 items. Gift of Philip Daingerfield Stephen made to the Museum of the Confederacy on an unknown date.

  16. Papers, 1861–65, of Theodore Hoyt Woodard of Tensas Parish, La. 6 items. Gift of Annie (Woodard) Fox of Washington, D.C., to the Museum of the Confederacy, April 1929. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  17. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1861–1980, relating to Confederate Hospitals. Items received by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society from various donors at different times. Consult Senior Archivist for more information.

  18. Collection, 1861–1985, of materials relating to the military career of Michael Phillip Usina. 17 items. Given in two parts, first by Camilla N. (Usina) Holt of Savannah, Ga., to the Museum of the Confederacy, February 1, 1902, and the second by Anthony Michael “Mike” Fairbanks and Charles Fairbanks to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1985. Previously formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Navy Collection.

  19. Diary, 1861 April 18–October 21, of James Stanley Newman of Orange County. 1 v. ([122] p.) : handwritten ; 3 1/4  x 5 7/8 in. Gift of Clifford Lewis Newman of Raleigh, N.C., made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1936 March 16.

  20. Papers, 1862–64, of the Smith Family of Russell County. 5 items. Gift of Samuel A. Duff to the Museum of the Confederacy on an unknown date. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  21. Papers, 1862–63, of Alexander Stone of Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, N.C. 3 items. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  22. Papers, 1862–65, of Isaac Scott Tanner of Shepherdstown, W.Va. 30 items. Material acquired in two accessioned, the first a gift of Dr. George W. Banks (Isaac Tanners’s son-in-law) of Shepherdstown, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1932 January 18. The second, a gift of Keenor W. Eutsler, of Lewistown, W.Va., made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1961 September.

  23. Letter, 1862 March 15, of Peter Howard Smith to Daniel Adkinson Smith, Aquia Creek. 1 leaf : handwritten ; 5 3/16 x 8 1/4 in. Gift of Mildred Minnie (Smith) Sheetz of New York, N.Y., to the Museum of the Confederacy, June 6, 1944. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  24. Pocket diary, 1863–64, of Edward Owen. 1 v. ([372] p.) : printed with handwritten completions ;  3 3/8 x 5 5/8 in. Gift of Edward Owen made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1913 July.

  25. Papers, 1863–65, of William Alexander Thom of Northampton County. 8 items. Gift of Marian Elizabeth Thom (daughter of William Alexander Thom, 2nd recording secretary of the association) of Northampton County, through George Ross, made to the Museum of the Confederacy on 1906 August 13.

  26. Papers, 1863, William Burch Short of Brunswick County. 19 items. Gift of Leone Anna Robinson (Mrs. Caleb Royston) Short of Warfield, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1977 April 1.

  27. Papers, 1863, of John Walker Vinson. 2 items. Gift of Porter Paisley Vinson, M.D., the son of William Daniel Vinson, to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1934 November 20.

  28. Logbook, 1863 April 9–1864 January 18, of the CSS Steamer Georgia. Gift of William L. Maury made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1902 March 2.

  29. Manuscript, 1864–65, of Brig. Gen. Gabriel James Rains concerning the Confederate States Torpedo Bureau. [144] p.: handwritten; 8 1/4 x 10 5/16 in. Gift of Gabriel Rains’s daughter, Katherine (Rains) Paddock of San Antonio, Texas, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, January 22, 1926. Previously formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Navy Collection.

  30. Journal, 1864 October 21–1865 November 3, of William Conway Whittle, Jr., of Norfolk. [314] p. : handwritten ; 8 5/16 x 12 13/16 in. Previously formed party of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Navy Collection.

  31. Letter, 1864 October 2–3, of Linden Kent, Richmond, to Sally Garland Hunter Kent. 1 leaf: handwritten; 7 3/8 in x 9 1/2 in. Formerly formed part of the Museum of the Confederacy’s Soldier Letters Collection Series.

  32. Biography, 1920, “The Five White Brothers in the Confederate Army,” complied by Cordelia White Phifer. 1 item ([92] pp.) : handwritten ; 6 5/16 x 9 5/16 in. Gift of Cordelia White Phifer, made to the Museum of the Confederacy, 1920 August.

Maps

  1. Dolph’s map of Richmond Virginia and vicinity [1961–69], published by Dolph Map Co.; distributed by Capitol News Agency. 1 map : color ; 57 x 47 cm., on sheet 61 x 94 cm., folded to 24 x 11 cm. Gift of the Westman Collection, Danbury Railway Museum, Danbury, Conn.

Published Materials

  1. Allestree, Richard. The Works of the Learned and Pious Author of The Whole Duty of Man. Oxford, Eng., 1695. This devotional work was common for more than two centuries in the libraries of elite American colonists. Gift of William C. Wooldridge.

  2. Anderson, Alicia K. and Lynn A. Price. George Washington’s Barbados Diary, 1751–52. Charlottesville, 2018. Washington’s only voyage away from North America is extensively documented in his diary in which he recorded his observations on everything from the natural environment to plantation slavery. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  3. Ansary, Cyrus A. George Washington: Dealmaker In-Chief: The Story of How the Father of Our Country Unleashed the Entrepreneurial Spirit in America. Washington, D.C., 2019. Includes an image of the painting The Courtship of Washington, 1758 by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris as well as an image of Daniel Parke II by John Closterman from VHS museum collections. Gift of Cyrus A. Ansary.

  4. B. F. Johnson Publishing Co. Great Inducements!!! Richmond, 1888–90. An appeal to become a traveling salesman made by the Richmond publisher B. F. Johnson. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  5. Bellamy, Wes. Monumental: It Was Never About a Statue. Newport News, 2019. Dr. Wes Bellamy was a city councilman in Charlottesville who led the fight to remove the statues of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson from city parks. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  6. Brill, Kristen. The Diary of a Civil War Bride: Lucy Wood Butler of Virginia. Baton Rouge, 2017. Lucy met her husband while he was a student at the University of Virginia. Her diary begins in the spring of 1861 and ends with the death of her husband at the battle of Chancellorsville. Gift of Louisiana State University Press.

  7. Broth, Mickael and Edward Trask. Murals of Richmond. Richmond, 2018. This book contains more than 200 illustrations of Richmond’s murals, which complements our acclaimed Fresh Paint exhibition. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  8. Bushman, Richard L. The American Farmer in the Eighteenth Century: A Social and Cultural History. New Haven, 2018. Includes articles on the Founding Farmers and farming life in Virginia in the post-Revolutionary period. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  9. Cecere, Michael. The Invasion of Virginia 1781. Yardley, 2017. Virginia saw little military action during the Revolutionary War until the fall of 1780 continuing through the defeat of the British at Yorktown in July 1781. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  10. Ensor, Rachel Malcolm. Igbo Talking Signs in Antebellum Virginia: Religion, Ancestors and the Aesthetics of Freedom. Ann Arbor, Mich., 2006. Explains the presence of cemetery stones in Amherst County with writing of Igbo craftsmen from West Africa. Gift of Paul Taylor.

  11. Fede, Andrew. Homicide Justified: The Legality of Killing Slaves in the United States and the Atlantic World. Athens, Ga., 2017. “From colonial Pennsylvania to Civil War era Texas . . . slave owners were hardly every legally punished for their role in the violent death of their slaves.” Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  12. Gallagher, Gary W., and Stephen Cushman. Civil War Writing: New Perspectives on Iconic Texts. Baton Rouge, 2019. Essay collection that focuses on participant narratives and includes Loreta Velasquez’s primarily fictitious memoir of a woman who enlisted in the Confederate army after the death of her husband and served as a spy in Richmond. Gift of the Louisiana State University Press.

  13. Gaskins, Ruth L. A Good Heart and a Light Hand: Ruth L. Gaskins Collection of Traditional Negro Recipes. Alexandria, 1968. Gaskins collected these recipes and tested them for three years long before the concept of soul food developed. She self-published this signed first edition and donated the proceeds to an African American settlement house. Later editions were published by Simon and Schuster and were popular with black and white audiences. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  14. Guyatt, Nicholas. Bind Us Apart: How Enlightened Americans Invented Racial Segregation. New York, 2016. Segregation has its roots in the Founding Father’s beliefs in equality coupled with their inability to create an equalitarian society. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  15. Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. The Hampton Institute Trade School: Blacksmithing and Wheelwrighting. Hampton, 1913–16. One of a series of pamphlets produced by the school on the variety of occupational training courses available to African Americans. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  16. Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. Notes on Agriculture. Hampton, 1904. A series of agricultural leaflets primarily written by C. L. Goodrich, head of Hampton’s Agricultural Department until his resignation in 1904. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  17. Hantman, Jeffrey L. Monacan Millennium: A Collaborative Archaeology and History of a Virginia Indian People. Charlottesville, 2018. Tells the story of the Monocan Indian people of Virginia stretching from A.D. 1000 through the moment of colonial contact in 1607 and into the present.” Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  18. Harker, Jaime. The Lesbian South: Southern Feminists, the Women in Print Movement, and the Queer Literary Canon. Chapel Hill, 2018. From the 1970s through the 1990s a network of southern women writers, civil rights activists, feminists, and lesbians enabled the creation of a new type of southern literature. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  19. Hartman, Fred J. Graphic Arts Education in Wartime. Lexington, Va., 1942. The Journalism Laboratory Press at Washington & Lee University published this report of the national Graphics Arts Education’s diminished resources and activities during wartime. They canceled their annual conference because of the gas rationing and limited transportation during World War II. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  20. Hogarth, Rana A. Medicalizing Blackness: Making Racial Difference in the Atlantic World, 1780–1840. Chapel Hill, 2017. Southern physicians studied African Americans resistance to diseases like yellow fever and ironically created a culture of white superiority. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  21. Horn, James. 1619: Jamestown and the Forging of American Democracy. New York, 2018. The creation of the General Assembly and the arrival of African Americans in 1619 were the most important political developments of the seventeenth century and influence our society today. Purchased through the Kirbye First Settlers Fund.

  22. Jayne, Thomas and Anne Walker. The Finest Rooms in America: Fifty Influential Interiors from the Eighteenth Century to the Present. New York, 2010. The tea room at Monticello, the large dining room at Mount Vernon, the morning room at Bassett Hall, and the parlor at Oakley Farm are noted by the author as being the best interior design examples for the last 200 years. Gift of the Estate of William Joseph Ryan and Raymond Lowell Thomas.

  23. Johnson, E. Patrick. Black. Queer. Southern. Women: An Oral History. Chapel Hill, 2018. More than seventy narratives were collected from “queer” African women in the South and reveal the ways these marginalized women have built a thriving community. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  24. Kass, Ray and Howard Risatti. The Mountain Lake Symposium and Workshop: Art in Locale. Farmville, 2018. Art workshops have been conducted here for almost forty years with prominent artists who work with the local community to connect art and the larger culture. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  25. Kazas, Tom, and Marian A. Violaris. Saints Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Cathedral, 1917–2017: A Century of Faith, Hope, and Love. Brookfield, Mo., 2018. Centennial history of a Richmond church that started with a handful of Greek immigrants and has become a vibrant and diverse congregation of 600 families. Gift of Marian A. Violaris.

  26. Khan, Khizer. An American Family: A Memoir of Hope and Sacrifice. New York, 2017. The compelling story of an American immigrant who tragically lost his son in Iraq after struggling to put himself through Harvard Law School. A fierce advocate of the rights of all Americans, he encourages us to “step forward for what we believe in when it matters most.” Signed and presented as a gift by Khizer Khan.

  27. Lear, Ashley Andrews. The Remarkable Kinship of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings and Ellen Glasgow. Gainesville, Fla., 2018. Correspondence between Rawlings and Glasgo illustrates the deep connections built by these women based on their love of nature and social activism. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  28. Lee, Heath Hardage. The League of Wives: The Untold Story of the Women Who Took on the U.S. Government to Bring Their Husbands Home. New York, 2019. One hundred and sixteen prisoners of war returned home from Vietnam on 12 February 1973. This first group of prisoners and the others who followed owed their freedom to the sorority of wives who fought both the North Vietnamese and U.S. governments to obtain their husband’s release. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  29. Lee, Shau Yan. China Has a Ten Thousand Mile Spiritual Wall. Norfolk, 1947. Lee was the minister at the Chinese Baptist Church of Norfolk, Virginia. He sent a copy of this work to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who thanked Lee in a letter for his work. The Lee family still retains a copy of this letter. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  30. Lindsay, Lisa A. Atlantic Bonds: A Nineteenth-Century Odyssey from America to Africa. Chapel Hill, 2017. Narrative of the James Churchwill Vaughan whose enslaved father was born in Richmond and who set out for Liberia in 1853 to honor his father’s dying wish. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  31. Lippard, Cameron D., and Bruce E. Stewart. Modern Moonshine: The Revival of White Whiskey in the Twenty-First Century. Morgantown, W.Va., 2019. The growth of artisanal distilling has begun to “decriminalize” moonshine in places like Franklin County, which during Prohibition was known as the Moonshine Capital of the World. Gift of West Virginia University Press.

  32. McCracken, Adelaide. Tyler-Chadwick Letters: Steadfast Love, Forgotten War. Barnard, Vt., 2019. The World War I romance of Margaret Tyler of Sherwood Forest, Charles City County, and Stephen Chadwick is captured in their correspondence as Chadwick serves in the U.S. Army in Siberia. Gift of Adelaide McCracken.

  33. Matrana, Marc R., Robin S. Lattimore, and Michael W. Kitchens. Southern Splendor: Saving Architectural Treasures of the Old South. Jackson, Miss., 2018. Documents fifty houses built before the Civil War that have been authentically conserved, including Monticello, Arlington House, Berry Hill Plantation, the Abijah Thomas House, and the White House of the Confederacy. Gift of University Press of Mississippi.

  34. Merritt, Keri Leigh. Masterless Men: Poor Whites and Slavery in the Antebellum South. Cambridge, Eng., 2017. The harsh life of poor whites working in an economic system based on slave labor. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  35. Musselwhite, Paul. Urban Dreams, Rural Commonwealth: The Rise of Plantation Society in the Chesapeake. Chicago, 2018. The English colonies were established with dreams of city towns located near plantations. The failed attempts to create them resulted in the development of an “agrarian plantation society” in the Chesapeake region of Virginia and Maryland. Gift of Paul Musselwhite.

  36. Nash, Gary B. Warner Mifflin: Unflinching Quaker Abolitionist. Philadelphia, 2017. Born into a large slaveholding family in Accomack County, Mifflin upheld the Quaker doctrine of pacifism during the Revolutionary War and became of pioneer of the slave reparations movement. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  37. Onuf, Peter S. Jefferson and the Virginians: Democracy, Constitutions, and Empire. Baton Rouge, 2018. Onuf analyzes Jefferson in partnership with Washington, Patrick Henry, and James Madison to create a new identity for Virginians and Americans based on the principles of democracy, constitutional law, and empire. Gift of Louisiana State University Press.

  38. Osgood, Ernest Staples. The Field Notes of Captain William Clark, 1803–1805. New Haven, 1964. Clark’s notes were discovered in an attic in 1953 have been reproduced in facsimile and transcript with maps and illustrations and an were edited and annotated extensively by Osgood. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  39. Our President Woodrow Wilson Has Set Aside Friday, April 26th, as a Holiday, on Which All Americans Shall Gather to Show their Patriotism. Virginia, 1918. Liberty Bonds were sold during World War I in order to finance the war debt. This postwar bond drive was called a Liberty Loan Drive, and at the end of all of the campaigns, $17 billion dollars had been raised. Gift of James E. Holland, Jr.

  40. Philbrick, Nathaniel. In the Hurricane’s Eye: The Genius of George Washington and the Victory at Yorktown. New York, 2018. With French assistance at the battle of Chesapeake, Gen. George Washington was able to achieve victory at Yorktown. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  41. Powell Anthony V. The Bloody First: A History of the 1st Regiment of Virginia Volunteers in the American Civil War. Bloomington, Ind., 2018. Includes an image on the cover from the collections of the Virginia Museum of History & Culture of the members of the First Virginia at the hanging of John Brown in Charlestown in December 1859. Gift of LifeRich Publishing.

  42. Rusert, Britt. Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture. New York, 2017. African American writers’ reactions to Jefferson’s claims in “Notes on the State of Virginia” of black inferiority yield the first critiques of racial science. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  43. Shaffer, Michael. In Memory of Self and Comrades: Thomas Wallace Colley’s Recollections of Civil War Service in the 1st Virginia Cavalry. Knoxville, 2018. Schaffer edited the diaries and correspondence of Thomas Colley who left his farm to fight and became one of the 20,000 soldiers who left military service with an amputated limb. Gift of University of Tennessee Press.

  44. Shockley, Megan Taylor. Creating a Progressive Commonwealth: Women Activists, Feminism, and the Politics of Social Change in Virginia, 1970s–2000s. Baton Rouge, 2018. Extensive research and oral history interviews have resulted in an amazing work of the individual women in Virginia who sought to achieve the passage of the Equal Rights amendment and other legal and social rights for women. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  45. Sketch of the Life of George Washington. Also, a Journey to Niagara Falls. Auburn, N.Y., 1842. A rare and charming nineteenth-century children’s story of George Washington that includes an additional tale about a trip to Niagara Falls. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  46. Snow, Kitty. From Richmond to France: Images and Stories of Richmond and Her World War I Soldiers. Richmond, 2017. Picture postcards, letters, and interviews are used to tell the compelling stories of soldiers from Richmond during the Great War. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  47. Sommerville, Diane Miller. Aberration of Mind: Suicide and Suffering in the Civil War-Era South. Chapel Hill, 2018. The full human cost of the Civil War is seen in the personal suffering in both black and white communities which resulted in suicidal thoughts and acts of suicide. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  48. Tarbell, Rich. Regarding Charlottesville Music: An Oral History. Charlottesville, 2018. Documenting five decades of local musicians who live near the University of Virginia. Gift of Rich Tarbell.

  49. Taylor, Amy Murrell. Embattled Freedom: Journeys through the Civil War’s Slave Refugee Camps. Chapel Hill, 2018. Fleeing plantations, slaves went to Union army camps, such as Fort Monroe, seeking freedom as soon as the Civil War began. Purchased through the Battle Abbey Council Fund.

  50. Taylor, Sam, Quentin Mason, and Cody Hopper. Tactical Urbanism Toolkit. Richmond, 2018. Cleverly packaged into seven illustrated titles, this collection is designed as a kit for developing a grass roots organization to establish neighborhoods that can initiate social change. Gift of Amber Jones.

  51. Thomas, Jeff, Jr. Virginia Politics and Government in a New Century: The Price of Power. Charleston, S.C., 2016. Contrary to the idea of honorable principles, political maneuvering in Virginia politics is described by the author as the “Virginia way.” Gift of Todd Culbertson.

  52. United Klans of America. It’s Time to Save our Schools: Forced Integration, Illegal Bussing, Narcotics, Homicides, Assaults, Violence, Suicides, Rapes, Burglaries, Drunkeness, Sex Education, Interracial Dating. Richmond, between 1970–74. Virginia Klan pamphlet advocating its principles of segregation. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  53. Virginia. Division of Industrial Development and Planning. Virginia Bietet Viele Moglichkeiten.  Brussels, Bel., 1968–72. Guide produced by the state of Virginia to illustrate the possibilities of European business enterprises locating their plants and/or offices in Virginia. Gift of Jeanette Cadwallender.

  54. Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co. Crop Book Department. Cotton. Richmond, 1915. Includes an insert entitled “The Great War and Potash” noting that because of World War I supplies for potash to make fertilizer are limited. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  55. Washington, Booker T. Daily Resolves. London, Eng., 1896. The famous African American educator, author, speaker, and leader’s rare first book, a small collection of inspirational quotes with multicolor illuminated manuscript style illustrations. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  56. Williams, Emily. Stories in Stone: Memorialization, the Creation of History and the Role of Preservation. Leicester, Eng., 2018. Alexander Dunlop, a free black living in Williamsburg, purchased tombstones for his father-in law and mother-in law in 1851 and 1856. These stones were discovered in 2004 and have been conserved and compared with other regional memory projects. Gift of Emily Williams.

  57. Wilson, Gaye. S. Jefferson on Display: Attire, Etiquette, and the Art of Presentation. Charlottesville, 2018. Jefferson changed his image to exploit and promote his personal and political agenda. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

Museum Objects

  1. Native American ground-stone axe, Archaic period, (3000–2000 BCE), found in Church Hill in 1939. Gift of Rhina Cross Mingee.

  2. Silver teapot made by George Angell, London, c. 1856, and presented to Mary Amanda Williamson Stewart (1822–1910) of “Brook Hill” from Daniel Kerr Stewart (1809–1889), her brother-in-law. Gift of Shelah Kane Scott.

  3. Landscape painting of “Bremo” in Fluvanna County by Edward Troye (1808–1874); Portrait of Col. William Browne (1759–1799); Portrait of Mrs. William (Elizabeth) Browne (1771–1799); Portrait of Sarah (Sally) Edwards Browne as a child (later Mrs. John Tucker Bowdoin); Portrait of Sally Elizabeth Courtney Bowdoin (Mrs. Philip St. George Cocke) (1815–1872) by William James Hubard (d. 1862); Portrait of John Tucker Bowdoin (1787–1821) attributed to William Edward West (1788–1857). Bequest of John Page and Lois Dunfee Elliott.

  4. Child’s Halloween witch costume worn by Diane Jamison (b. 1933) in 1939 as a child in Rocky Mount. Also worn by family members in 1968 and 1983 in Franklin County. Gift of the family of Diane Jamison Kingery.

  5. Sixteen photographic prints representing the career of Richmond photographer, educator, and social advocate Earle Taylor (b. 1928) and a Minolta X-370 SLR camera. Gift of Earle Taylor.

  6. Blackwell family tree. Researched by Thelma Doswell, the family tree was illustrated on canvas by Thomas E. Brumfield and includes more than 5,000 family members from fifteen states, Africa, Canada, Germany, and Haiti. 1991. Gift of the Blackwell/Ashe Family.

  7. Items related to the academic career of Ginai Seabron at Virginia Tech (2014–18) including her mortar board decorated to reflect her achievement as the first African American woman to earn a B.S. in nanoscience. Gift of Ginai Seabron.

  8. Sash, hats, t-shirt, and selfie photo frames related to the Women’s March held in Richmond (2017 and 2019) and Washington, D. C. (2017). Gift of Monica Morris, M.D.