Resources for teachers | Virginia Museum of History & Culture
"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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Resources for teachers

This project was developed to help your students analyze and interpret primary source materials—photographs—under your direction. Although students can access individual photographs and answer the appropriate questions on their own, this site has been designed to be used with your guidance. We encourage you to use the photographs as they fit your needs, but we also want you to think about how to use questioning strategies to guide student thinking and get the most from them (and this web site). Listed below are suggestions and resources to help you.


Questions worksheet

These two activities were developed by Teaching with Primary Sources, Northern Virginia Partnership, and Susan M. Orr, education specialist for social studies in Fairfax County Schools. The series of questions is arranged according to Bloom's Taxonomy, which identifies six levels of cognitive, hierarchic thinking.

Photograph analysis worksheet

This activity was developed by the National Archives and Records Administration and is used with permission.

This activity appeared in Middle Level Learning, a publication of National Council for the Social Studies ( and is used with permission.

Questions worksheet

These questions were developed by Virginia Historical Society staff to address Virginia Studies post–Civil War standards of learning. These standards deal primarily with two broader themes (see list below).

Standards of Learning Covered

  • VS.8c – describing the importance of railroads, new industries, and the growth of cities to Virginia's economic development.
  • VS.9a – describing the economic and social transition from a rural, agricultural society to a more urban, industrial society, including the reasons people came to Virginia from other states and countries.
  • VS.10c – explaining how advances in transportation, communications, and technology have contributed to Virginia's prosperity and role in the global economy.
  • VS.8b – identifying the effects of segregation and "Jim Crow" on life in Virginia for whites, African Americans, and American Indians.
  • VS.9c – identifying the social and political events in Virginia linked to desegregation and massive resistance and their relationship to national history.
  • VS.9d – identifying the political, social, and/or economic contributions made by Maggie Walker, Harry F. Byrd, Sr., Oliver W. Hill, Sr., Arthur R. Ashe, Jr., A. Linwood Holton, Jr., and L. Douglas Wilder.

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