Determined: The 400-Year Struggle for Black Equality | Virginia Museum of History & Culture
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Determined: The 400-Year Struggle for Black Equality

Logo for Determined exhibition features title of exhibition in white font upon a royal purple colored background

Content: 10 double-sided pull-up banner units

Size: Approximately 750 square feet for comfortable viewing on all sides

Loan Period: 6 weeks

Rental Fee: $100 + shipping

Availability: Refer to itinerary

In 2020, the coronavirus pandemic and the upsurge of social justice protess highlighted the systemic racism that afflicts our society. The roots of racial inequities stretch back to 1619, to the arrival of the first enslaved Africans in Virginia and the beginnings of race-based oppression and discrimination in America.

Across the ensuing 400 years, black people and their allies have fought for freedom, equal justice, and access to opportunities. They have overcoming excruciating conditions and have made remarkable achievements, yet progress has been hindered by setbacks and persistent racism.

This exhibition traces four centuries of black history in Virginia through stories of extraordinary individuals who struggled for equality and, in the process, profoundly shaped the nature of American society and the meaning of our collective ideals.

Their stories help us to understand the origins of today’s problems and to reckon with the painful legacies of slavery, segregation, and white supremacy. These determined individuals also inspire us to create a better future.

View the Exhibition Prospectus.

View the Itinerary for the Traveling Banners.

View Determined's Traveling Exhibition Content.

For more information, contact:

Veronica Blanco
Exhibit Technician
Phone: 804.340.2273
E-mail: vblanco@VirginiaHistory.org
Address: Virginia Museum of History & Culture
P.O. Box 7311, Richmond, Virginia, 23221

Determined Traveling Exhibition Banners on full display in gallery Enter Fullscreen More information
Determined Traveling Exhibition Banners on full display in gallery
Determined Traveling Exhibition Banners on full display in gallery. Included, but not seen in image: two more banners
Image of a tan fiddle stringed instrument made of gourd Enter Fullscreen More information
Gourd fiddle, 19th century
Gourd fiddle from the 19th century. Loaned by Blue Ridge Institute and Museum of Ferrum College.
Image of a book illustration of Ona (Oney) Judge in black ink Enter Fullscreen More information
Illustration of Ona (Oney) Judge
Detail of illustration of Ona (Oney) Judge from Eyre Crow, With Thackeray in America, 1897.
Image of Model 1840 officer's sword with a brown hilt and silver blade Enter Fullscreen More information
Model 1840 Non-Commissioned Officer's Sword, mid-19th century
Model 1840 Non-Commissioned Officer's Sword, mid-19th century. Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier
Painting of soldiers seizing the flag Enter Fullscreen More information
Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood Seizing the Flag (2004) by Joseph Umble
Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood Seizing the Flag by Joseph Umble, 2004. County of Henrico, Virginia, Historic Preservation and Museum Services.
Vintage black and white photo of Gladys West at her desk Enter Fullscreen More information
Gladys West, 1977
Gladys West, 1977. Courtesy of Gladys and Ira West.
Page depicting a formula, key, and equation concerning GPS and SEASAT, the first satellite to map oceans from space Enter Fullscreen More information
Page from “SEASAT Satellite Radar Altimetry Data Processing System,” Naval Surface Weapons Center Report, May 1981
Page from “SEASAT Satellite Radar Altimetry Data Processing System,” Naval Surface Weapons Center Report, May 1981. Gift of Gladys and Ira West.
Image of a Arthur Ashe's signet ring that says "Davis Cup Champion", has a blue rounded square gem with a diamond centered on top and four diamonds on the bottom. There is more text depicting the year 1970, "United States", and more. Enter Fullscreen More information
Arthur Ashe's Davis Cup championship ring, 1970
Arthur Ashe's Davis Cup championship ring from 1970, when he was a member of the championship team of tennis players and the first black player in 1963 to represent the US at the Davis Cup.
Vintage black and white image of 2nd Lieutenant Clemenceau Givings standing near a plane Enter Fullscreen More information
2nd Lieutenant Clemenceau Givings with his plan, about 1944
2nd Lieutenant Clemenceau Givings with his plan, about 1944.
Image of a purple shirt with an image of the National Lynching Memorial and the words "Charlottesville Civil Rights Pilgrimage July 8-13, 2018" Enter Fullscreen More information
Charlottesville Pilgrimage T-Shirt, 2018
Charlottesville Pilgrimage T-Shirt, 2018. Gift of Jefferson School African American Heritage Center.
Determined Traveling Exhibition Banners on full display in gallery
Determined Traveling Exhibition Banners on
Image of a tan fiddle stringed instrument made of gourd
Gourd fiddle, 19th century
Image of a book illustration of Ona (Oney) Judge in black ink
Illustration of Ona (Oney) Judge
Image of Model 1840 officer's sword with a brown hilt and silver blade
Model 1840 Non-Commissioned Officer's
Painting of soldiers seizing the flag
Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood Seizing
Vintage black and white photo of Gladys West at her desk
Gladys West, 1977
Page depicting a formula, key, and equation concerning GPS and SEASAT, the first satellite to map oceans from space
Page from “SEASAT Satellite Radar Altimetr
Image of a Arthur Ashe's signet ring that says "Davis Cup Champion", has a blue rounded square gem with a diamond centered on top and four diamonds on the bottom. There is more text depicting the year 1970, "United States", and more.
Arthur Ashe's Davis Cup championship
Vintage black and white image of 2nd Lieutenant Clemenceau Givings standing near a plane
2nd Lieutenant Clemenceau Givings with his
Image of a purple shirt with an image of the National Lynching Memorial and the words "Charlottesville Civil Rights Pilgrimage July 8-13, 2018"
Charlottesville Pilgrimage T-Shirt, 2018

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